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Electoral process for candidates To be a candidate for the uk • You have to be a British citizen • a citizen of the Republic of Ireland • a citizen of a commonwealth country who does not require leave to enter or remain in the UK, or has indefinite leave to remain in the UK You cannot be • a member of the armed forces Electoral process for parliament First-past-the-post is used to elect MPs to the House of Commons and for local elections in England and Wales. the UK or local authority is divided into numerous voting areas i.e. constituencies . At a general or local election, voters put a cross (X) next to the candidate they like. Ballot papers are then counted and the candidate that has received the most votes is elected…show more content…
STV is also used for electing the Northern Ireland Assembly, local elections in Scotland and Northern Ireland and European Parliament elections in Northern Ireland. Multi-member constituencies are required for STV which means constituencies are normally larger but elect several representatives rather than just one. Under STV, voters rank candidates in order by marking who they prefer 1, 2, 3 and so on next to the names of candidates on a ballot paper. A voter can rank as many or as few candidates as they like or just vote for one candidate. Each candidate needs a minimum number of votes to be elected. This number is calculated according to the number of seats and votes cast and is called a quota. The first preference votes for each candidate are added up and any candidate who has achieved this quota is elected. If a candidate has more votes than are needed to fill the quota, that candidate’s surplus votes are transferred to the remaining candidates. Votes that would have gone to the winner instead go to the second listed on those ballot papers. If candidates do not meet the required level , the candidate with the lowest rating votes is eliminated and the second preference votes are carried to other candidates. These processes are repeated until all the seats are
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