Book Summary of John H. Walton, Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament:

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John H. Walton’s Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament: Introducing the Conceptual World of the Hebrew Bible is broken up into fourteen chapters. Those fourteen chapters are each part of one of five sections. This book also contains over twenty historical images. Before the introduction, the author gives readers a full appendix of all images used in this published work. The author then gives his acknowledgements followed by a list of abbreviations.
Part 1- Comparative studies The first section of the book is titled comparative studies. This section is comprised of the first two chapters. Chapter one is aptly named history and methods. Chapter two has been dubbed comparative studies, scholarship, and theology. This section
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Through colloquialisms, interpretations are often lost. Another anomaly is that words change definition over time, and depending on the culture, the same words may have a completely different meaning. For instance, prior to 1950, the word gay simply meant happy. Today, it refers to homosexuality. Sometimes words can even have different meaning among subcultures of the same society. In the American Caucasian culture, the word “punk” generally refers to someone who likes rock music and may have a colorful Mohawk. In African American culture, the word punk has shifted over time to mean a feminine male. Understanding the culture of the original authors of the Bible will give believers a deeper understanding of the Word.
From here chapter 1 expounds on these ideas more deeply. It finally draws to a close by listing the ten principles of a comparative study. After giving this information, Walton explains the goals of a comparative study.
Chapter 2- Comparative studies, scholarship, and theology The conclusion to chapter 1 facilitated the introduction of chapter 2. This chapter is titled Comparative Studies, Scholarship, and Theology. As the name implies, this is exactly what is covered in this new chapter. This chapter is still under the scope of the first part of the book titled Comparative Studies. In his introduction Walton explains how the science of comparative studies has taken on two completely different faces. Again this goes back

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