What really Makes a Difference to Client Outcomes and Meta-Theoretical Lenses Dear Past Murray, this is your present-day self. I am writing this letter to help guide you in your journey through the Masters of Counselling graduate program. You are going to experience a fundamental shift in your perspectives on human nature and the nature of change. Currently, your point of view and insights are limited to a behaviorist context (Skinner, 2012) and to a behavior analysis approach (Fee, A., Schrieber, E, Nobel, N. Valdovinos, M, 2016). This has served you well in your work with youth and young adults with challenging behaviors. However, as you start this journey you have started to ask yourself what theory to follow. The answer to this question will be found when you take a step back from the various models of counselling to look at what really makes a difference to client outcomes and to develop a
The Views of Aristotle’s Idea of the Prime Mover Vs. the Judaeo Christian's Idea of God The traditional theist Judaeo Christian belief of God is in many ways very similar to Aristotle’s ideas and explanations of the Prime Mover. However, although very similar in
He was the first to study formal logic, founded called the Lyceum and tutored kings. He influenced Jewish, Christian and Islamic traditions and beliefs. The Catholic Church took his view of a universal hierarchy and added the divine, the heavenly and the demonic to make their “Great Chain of Being.” Aristotle even had a basic idea of evolution based on God’s plan for the world (IEP). It is possible that he was the last person to know everything there was to know in his own time (Neill 488). His contributions to our understanding of the world are innumerable, despite that only about a third of his work survived. He contributed to philosophy as much as Plato, if not more. He took Plato’s theory of forms and changed it, making it his own, and in the process resolved the problems that he had noted, as well as those pointed out by Plato and others. He called his new theory he called Hylomorphism. Hylomorphism’s way of thinking stands directly opposite that which Plato’s forms encourage. Aristotle did not see the world as a reflection of another filled with forms but as the physical embodiment of the forms. The substances are created by the innate forms in the matter and are the only way we can perceive forms. This means that to Aristotle a substance did not have form only in an abstract world of forms but was contained by the object in and of
Canto XI serves the purpose in a twofold way; These questions rouse the idea of a divine and perfect punishment by the ultimate judge God, and implications of possible imperfections of God’s judgment. Also the way in which the question is answered poses another question, why is Aristotle, a human, and a Pre-Christian is thinker is used to explain God’s divine and perfect judgment?
Aristotle is a Greek teacher and is credited for establishing the cornerstone of modern philosophy via his book Para Psyche (Biography.com Editors). His work assumes the existence of divine power and tells that the reason the human body exists is to house our
By the time of the third century theologian, Origen, the concept of God as espoused by Greek philosophers’ prevailed in the then current Christian theology.
For purpose of this essay, religion will be defined as a collection of institutional beliefs and customs concerning humanity and the purpose of the universe . Key beliefs within religion that will be explored, as well as there relation to reason, are: The idea that there is a divine ruler(s) that
The Best of All Possible Worlds, or How to Be Optimistic Regardless of Circumstance In Leibniz’s Discourse on Metaphysics the slightly disconcerting claim is made that this world is the best of all possible worlds. Leibniz’s optimistic claim about the nature of reality arises out of his definition of God, and in the process of laying his arguments many pieces of Leibniz’s metaphysics can be found. Leibniz reconciles both free will and the problem of evil with his claim about the condition of the universe along with creating the foundations for an ethics based on intent rather than outcome. Although Voltaire’s Candide rather famously satirizes Leibniz’s ideas its objection is weak, and a stronger objection lies in Leibniz’s determinism and the possibility of random chance.
Aristotle was not just any person. He was one of the most distinguished and important Greek philosophers of all time. Aristotle was born in 384 BCE in the town of Stagira, Greece. His range of work was very broad, covering most of the sciences and many arts such as biology, botany, chemistry, ethics, history, logic, metaphysics, rhetoric, philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, physics, poetics, political theory, psychology, and zoology. He was the author of what became the foundation of both Christian Scholasticism and medieval Islamic philosophy. Even after his death in 322 BCE and historic events such as enlightenment, Aristotle’s concepts still remain present in Western thinking and continue to be studied.
Is there truly a God or something superior to us? Yes of course. Conversely, atheists are people who don’t believe that God or a divine being exists. For the most part, atheists have acknowledged that the most reasonable conclusions are the ones that have the best evidential support. They
1. In the space provided, briefly describe and explain the philosophical topic of your paper.
George Gemistos Plethon on God: Aristotle vs Plato In this paper I examine George Gemistos Plethon's defense in his De Differentiis of Plato's conception of God as superior to that of Aristotle's. (2) Plethon asserts that the Platonic conception of God is more consistent with Orthodox Christian theology than the Aristotelian conception. This claim is all the more interesting in light of the fact that Plethon is, as it turns out, a pagan. I argue that Plethon takes the position he does because his interpretation of the Platonic God better fits his own neo-pagan theological conceptions. Part of the evidence for this is supplied by the first English translation of Plethon's Summary of the Doctrines of Zoroaster and Plato.
This question defines the nature of Aristotle’s inquiries, at least for a large part of the Metaphysics, and it thus offers a fourth account of the study or science of metaphysics.“The science of first principles, the study of being qua being, theology, the investigation into substance – four compatible descriptions of the same discipline? Perhaps there is no one discipline which can be identified as Aristotelian Metaphysics? And perhaps this thought should not disturb us: we need only recall that the metaphysics was composed by Andronicus rather than by Aristotle. But the four descriptions do have at least one thing in common: they are dark and obscure” (Ross, 1996, p174).
Aristotle indicates that an educated person is able to consider new ideas without making definitive judgments. This "educated person" has two important characteristics–tolerance and skepticism–resulting in a very powerful perspective. Tolerance allows one to consider new ideas, while skepticism prevents one from blindly accepting them. It is through these that
Aristotle defined God as an impersonal force. He believes that God exist, but God does not depend on anything else for existence. He believes that God never changes or has any potential to change. He believes That God never begins and never ends. He believes that God never does anything; that God has no emotions, no desires, no will and no purpose. he don't think God has any plan for us, God only knows him self, and he also believes that God doesn't affected us at all.