During the 20th century there was a vast increase in the variety of music that people had access to. Prior to the invention of mass market gramophone records (developed in 1892) and radio broadcasting (first commercially done ca. 1919–20), people mainly listened to music at live Classical music concerts or musical theatre shows, which were too expensive for many lower-income people; on early phonograph players (a technology invented in 1877 which was not mass-marketed until the mid-1890s); or by individuals performing music or singing songs on an amateur basis at home, using sheet music, which required the ability to sing, play, and read music, which were skills that tended to be limited to middle-class and upper-class individuals. With the
A very popular consumer item was the phonograph. It was first invented in 1877 but it was so expensive it took a while for the homes in america to get ahold of it , by the time of the 1920’s 7 million homes had their hands on one but they
Electronic records are probably older than you think. They were not just recently invented they have actually been around for quite a while, since the early 1990’s. In 1991 an article
Chapter 8 Sound Recording True/False 1. Thomas Edison, the inventor of the phonograph, thought it would be useful as a dictation machine. Ans: T 2. When radio began to gain in popularity, sales of records and record players skyrocketed. Ans: F 3. TV's rising popularity affected radio, but not the recording industry. Ans: F 4. Rock music has roots in several musical genres, including rhythm and blues. Ans: T 5. The dawn of the '60s brought a new cleancut breed of rock star, thanks to American record companies' desires to increase profits. Ans: T 6. Although some American recording artists were prominent during the 1960s, the music scene became dominated by the "British Invasion." Ans: T 7. Heavy metal music emerged as rock became part of the counterculture. Ans: T 8. Downloading ring tones is big business – Billboard magazine even has a chart listing the most popular ring tone downloads. Ans: T 9. The music industry can be divided into three main segments: production, distribution, and consumption. Ans: F 10. Rack jobbers are record distributors who sell directly to the consumer. Ans: F 11. Ownership in the recording industry is less concentrated than any other media industry. Ans: F 12. In the recording industry, the distribution department is responsible for getting music played on radio stations. Ans: F Pg: 190 13. Because legally downloading music is so popular, the recording industry is no longer concerned about illegal downloads. Ans: F 14. Record companies charge a higher rate to phone companies than they charge online services to offer songs for downloads.. Ans: T Pg: 185 15. The Billboard charts are the recording industry's most significant source of feedback. Ans: T Multiple Choice 16. The gramophone recorded onto a disk; its predecessor (the graphophone) recorded onto a: A. paper wheel B. cylinder C. nickelodeon D. plastic tube E. clay rod Ans: B 17. At the dawn of the 1900s, visitors to penny arcades and amusement parks could pay five cents and listen to a brief recording through a machine called a _________. A. jukebox B. cylindrical recorder C. Berliner D. nickelodeon E. penny gramophone Ans: D 18. The Great Depression had a severe impact on the recording industry, but thanks to the ______, the industry again became profitable. A. jukebox B. merger of RCA and Columbia C. sale of sheet music D. popularity of dance competitions E. evolution of jazz Ans: A 19. By World War I, record players were commonplace and the recording industry enjoyed a boom period that lasted until: A. radio gained popularity B. the Jazz Age C. the Great Depression D. World War II E. the mid 1960s Ans: A 20. By 1960, record companies wanted to clean up rock's image: A. which had been hurt when Elvis joined the Army B. even though Payola hadn't done any harm C. but couldn't find any musicians that would fit the desired new image D. because rock had so much money making potential E. because the RIAA code didn't allow indecency Ans: D 21. The iPod is notable because it: A. created a whole new cottage industry (iPod accessories) B. allowed “podcasts” C. has had a cultural impact D. gave birth to a new radio format E. all of these Ans: E 22. In the recording industry, revenue_____. A. has not been affected by illegal downloads B. from legal downloads is decreasing C. from CD album sales is increasing D. all of these E. none of these Ans: E 23. Which of the following best fits into the talent segment of the recording industry? A. audio engineers B. promoters C. rack jobbers D. musicians E. packagers Ans: D 24. _________ music dominates the recording industry in terms of sales. A. country B. R & B C. jazz D. classical E. rock Ans: E 25. A&R people are most closely associated with the ________ segment of the recording industry. A. talent B. production C. distribution D. retail E. management Ans: A 26. Onestops are most closely associated with the ________ segment of the recording industry. A. talent B. production C. distribution D. retail E. management Ans: C 27. Which of the following is NOT a defining feature of the recording industry? A. it is a cultural force B. it is an international enterprise C. it has been the center of social controversy D. it has never been interested in the counterculture E. it is a unique blend of business and talent Ans: D 28. Touring arrangements are made by a record company's ________ department. A. A&R B. artist development C. business D. advertising and merchandising E. field activity Ans: B 29. Recording different instruments and singers separately is possible due to: A. advances in duplication technology B. the producer's creative input C. overdubbing and equalization D. multitrack recording E. digital recording Ans: D 30. The A&R department of a recording company is responsible for: A. the actual recording sessions B. administration of recording artists C. scouting talent D. advertising revenue E. none of these; A&R is NOT part of a recording company. Ans: C 31. Which of the following types of retailers is increasingly important to the recording industry? A. big chains (Sam Goody) B. mass merchandisers (WalMart) C. bookstores (Borders) D. local independent record stores E. record clubs Ans: B 32. Ringtones are most closely associated with: A. PDAs B. cell phones C. laptops D. modems E. satellite radio Ans: B 33. __________ provides the key source of feedback to the music industry. A. Billboard magazine B. Radio & Recording Weekly C. focus group interviews D. Tuesday Morning Magazine E. surveys in both small and large markets Ans: A 34. Detailed research into the audiences for recorded music: A. is even more important than for other media B. is not typically undertaken C. factors into decisions about what artists to sign, but not when recordings should be released D. reveals that the youth audience spends significantly more on music than do people over 30 E. shows that males purchase about three times as much music as females do Ans: B 35. Profits for the recording industry have decreased since 2000, in part due to: A. illegal file sharing B. changes in copyright laws C. higher prices for CDs D. the continued popularity of the cassette format E. all of these Ans: A
The radio when it was invented by Guglielmo Marconi in 1913 people were unsure of it until it makes a bigger impact in the 1920s it became an American pastime, it majorly helped the rapid growth women getting out of their normal work roles, bringing music sports and politics into the home lives of many Americans, and the brining of many new radio stations.
One monumental advancement was launched on November 2nd 1920 when “The first Commercial radio station was born, and a new era had dawned”(Radio). The radio became the fastest way to share important information and connected
Billy Joel released his 52 Street, the first CD released in the world, and began the launch of sales of the standard Compact Disc (CD). The 80s quickly became the most explosively successful decade in recording audio history due to the rapid replacement of tapes by consumers. The music industry continues to rise with the birth of the MP3 in 1990 followed by the introduction of the first major audio service by RealAudio. This form of obtaining music immediately skyrockets with popularity.
Heffernan then goes in to talk about the history and evolution of headphones, they’ve been around for over a century. Heffernan goes on to talk about how they were used in The Navy and World War 2 to communicate. She says that by 1979, when sony was invented, headphones and earbuds were used in most devices, such as phones, computers, tablets, and MP3 players. Heffernan then
In mid 1960s the 8-track tape was invented which was popular until the late 70s. During the 70s the Cassette tape was introduced, which became popular very quickly. The 1980s saw a revolution in music technology, which was a huge upgrade in the music industry. Personal stereos enabled people to play music on cassette tapes and listen to it through headphones wherever they went. Many people began listening to music while walking, travelling on public transport or exercising. In the late 1980s, compact discs (CDs) began to replace vinyl records. CDs were lighter and smaller than vinyl records and offered a much higher quality sound.
Have you ever thought about what was before your laptop? Or your IPad? Not many people in our generation do. Pocket transistor radios and room-consuming computers are the tech of the past. But what good were they then? In 1962, the cassette tape recorder was released as a portable music player.
The first chemical battery was invented in the 1800’s by Alessandro Volta; the game of basketball was invented in 1891 by a Canadian physical education teacher. The first game was played in Springfield, MA, on March 11, 1892. The telephone was invented in 1876 by Alexander Bell. “The Hall Braille typewriter was invented in 1892 by Frank Haven Hall” (‘Inventors and Inventions from 1851-1900 - the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century’, 2000) Cotton candy was even created during this era in 1897 by two inventers William Morrison and John C Wharton.
Everyone is thinking about weird things on a bus or when waiting for someone to pick them up but to keep you busy you can read this and fill your wonders with how the radio started. In 1909 Scott Leon invented the Phonautograph which was the first device to record voice. It wasn’t the radio but it was a big inspiration for radio. Their big difference between the two was one was recorded by pictures-phonautograph- and the other with sound waves-apparatus- .When the radio started it was used for military purposes and it wasn’t the best thing with static and made of old vacuum tube but it was better than spark gap transmitters which only transmitted Morse code. Guglielmo Marconi began working on the idea of commercial wireless telegraphy based on the use of radio waves. He developed devices like transmitters and receiver systems. At first, it was only a mile, when he raised the antenna it hit two miles. Marconi finally
Phonograph On April 30, 1877, inventor Charles Cros submitted a letter to the Academy of Sciences in Paris fully explaining his paleophone. Although no trace of a working paleophone was found, Cros is remembered as the earliest inventor of a sound recording and reproduction machine.
TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................... 4 I. FROM INVENTION TO INNOVATION : .......................................................................... 5 A) Invention of the MP3 Format and the birth of the MP3 player. .................................... 5
Mp3 argument The Next Revolution in Music Technology: Make or Break? Throughout life I have encountered several different mediums of music including eight-track recordings, vinyl records, cassette tapes, mini-discs, digital audio tapes (DAT), and compact discs. I have always considered the CD to be the greatest technological advancement (as a medium of music) of