Borderline Personality Disorder : Borderline Disorder

1466 Words May 3rd, 2015 6 Pages
Borderline Personality Disorder Overview Borderline Personality Disorder is characterized by impulsivity, unstable self-image, mood, and trouble with interpersonal relationships. One major characteristic is impulsivity, which is characterized by rapid responding to environmental triggers without thinking (or caring) about long term consequences (Paris, 2007). Some people may engage in self-injurious activities including attempting and completing suicide. People with borderline personality disorder have a highly unstable self-image or sense of self that is “impoverished and/or fragmented” (Butcher, Hooley, & Mineka, 2014). The central characteristic is affective instability, which is intense emotional responses to environmental triggers with delayed recovery to baseline emotional state (Butcher, Hooley, & Mineka, 2014). This disorder is different from Bipolar Disorder in terms of mood because these are rapid and drastic shifts from one emotion to another a few times a day rather than a few times a year. Some patients may experience several dysphoric states in one day including sorrow, panic, aversive tension, rage, terror, shame, and chronic feelings of emptiness and loneliness (Lieb et al, 2004). In addition, Lieb and colleagues (2004) described the levels of disturbed cognitions including overvalued ideas of being bad, experience of dissociation, delusions, and hallucinations (Lieb et al, 2004). With all these behaviors there is a tremendous amount of interpersonal…
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