Borrelia Burgdorferi Research Paper

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Lyme disease is caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorfer, this bacterium is transmitted to humans through ticks. Borrelia burgdorferi is a gram negative bacterium that belongs to the spirochetes class, its usually 1um wide but can be up to 10-25um long. Some of the structures that Borrelia burgdorferi have are the flagellum, which allows the bacterium to migrate through viscous fluids (i.e. blood) and burrow through tissues, the bacterium also has outer surface proteins that are OspA and OspC which play a direct role in the transmission of the bacteria into the host cell. Bacteria in general do not have the limitations that viruses do, viruses must have a living host in order to reproduce. Most bacteria are able to grow on non-living surfaces and live intercellularly. Lyme disease is easy to identify because of the bullseye that results from the tick bite infected with Borrelia burgdorfer. Viruses are extremely unique to the microbial world they are the smallest and simplest microbe. Virions are only 20-400nm in size, and they do not have any way to replicate outside the host cell. Viruses do not have a cell wall, instead of a cell wall…show more content…
A possible alternative diagnosis to the hikers’ ailments could be measles virus, or shingles virus. The symptoms of measles consist of high fever, runny nose, rash and could be a possible diagnosis and the proper ELISA assays would need to be performed on the hikers to determine this. Shingles virus occurs when the virus that causes chickenpox reactivates. The symptoms of shingles include headache, flu-like symptoms, and a painful
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