Both Mill And Nietzsche Would Argue That The Singularity

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Both Mill and Nietzsche would argue that the singularity of values, or preconceived, undivided ideas of truth, is an impediment to freedom. Nietzsche’s perspective further details how utility theory, as a method to determine freedom, inhibits freedom, as it appears to support the singularity of values. He would argue that prescribing a moral good of utility and saying that it is good for society as a whole, is promoting cultural specificity in that it assumes that one idea is good for everyone. Nietzsche rejects the idea that there are universal, singular, definitive truths. Nietzsche does not see the value “good” as a thing itself; rather, it is a construct or artifact of a particular time and power structure. He warns against buying into…show more content…
He states that when values are in the employ of a slave strategy, then distancing oneself from them allows greater freedom of the will. He argues for maintaining distance from conventional values as crucial for freedom. This connects to Mill, who agrees with the idea that one should not have to conform to a singular, universal viewpoint, and would likely view Nietzsche’s argument itself as helpful for individual freedom. Mill only limits the extent to which Nietzsche could act on his own invented morality as it impinges on the rights of others. In fact, Mill would likely argue that Nietzsche’s creative thinking, even his argument against utility, is crucial for individuality and freedom. By being a nonconformist, Nietzsche brings originality to the world and makes people have to rethink their perspectives.
Mill, like Nietzsche, is against uniformity of thinking which results in mediocrity. He inveighs against the tyranny of the majority, which imposes its values on everyone. He believes public opinion stifles individuality, and that society imposes its values on others to its detriment. Mill argues that it is crucial to listen to and permit other perspectives in order for creativity and individuality to flourish. So while Nietzsche might view Mill’s construct as part of the problem, Mill similarly clearly advocates for challenging and struggling against accepted or singular norms of thinking. He argues that “whatever crushes
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