Both Plato and Aristotle are among the most influential philosophers in the history. Socrates was

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Both Plato and Aristotle are among the most influential philosophers in the history. Socrates was another famous philosopher who greatly influenced Plato. Plato was the pupil of Socrates and later Plato became the teacher of Aristotle. Although Aristotle followed his teachings for a long time, he found many questionable facts in his teachings and later on became a great critic of Plato’s teachings. Since Aristotle found faults in Plato, hence their work is easily comparable as it is based on the common aspects of philosophy. In this paper I will first explain some similarities and then I shall explain the differences between the theories of Plato and Aristotle. Both Plato and Aristotle based their theories on four widely accepted beliefs…show more content…
Example- he observed that every living creature has eyes which may vary in size and color, yet it has a common purpose of seeing. Even though both philosophers use “form” to understand objects, yet only Plato believes that it is required to gain knowledge , whereas Aristotle believes that it is needed only to study and object and discover it’s function. Plato then tries to explain his theory on human conditioning. In this he explains that “the human condition is likened to being trapped in a cave facing the back wall only able to see shadows unaware that there is anything else in the world”. However the reality is that there is a world outside the cave that contains the truth of the knowledge of the reality that is needed to gain knowledge. It is explained that one man is set free from the cave and it is then he realises that shadows were not reality . However when this enlightened person is sent back to the cave the ignorant people do not accept the reality and criticise him accusing him of being a liar. Plato believed that to gain knowledge we must “transcend” beyond this world into a higher reality where true realities exist. By doing this Plato is able to ignore the sensory distraction of the body in which he is trapped while also minimising the distractions of the appetites of the body such as food and sex. Plato uses Mathematics as the paradigm of knowledge as it’s truth exists beyond sensory
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