Two authors independently evaluated each article for relevant using a predefined set of criteria. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were specified and were appropriate for the review. The researchers were concerned with the effect education and support for the mothers had on the exclusive breastfeeding rates of healthy newborns. Inclusion criteria included randomized controlled trials (RCT) or quasi-experimental trails. The types of articles included are those that discussed interventions through education or support given to the mother prenatal/postnatal, or a combination. All delivery types were included. For
“Some mothers have to give up breastfeeding even though they want to breastfeed. To give up breastfeeding can be a sensitive issue in a time when breastfeeding is promoted as the healthiest for mother and child” (Larsen & Kronborg, 2013, p. 848). The debate over whether breast-feeding is better than bottle-feeding or vice versa has been a debate for many years. With more and more research that is continuously being developed, the option to breast-feed or bottle-feed is ultimately up to the parents of the child. Although the decision could be based on factors such as a physical incapability or financial burdens, the end result should always be what is going to be best for the baby. As research continues to grow, there has been proven evidence of the positive and negative aspects that come with breast-feeding and bottle-feeding.
A plethora of questions and concerns arise upon confirmation of pregnancy; however, the decision on whether to breastfeed or formula feed an infant seems to be one of the more crucial decisions. Moms new to nursing a baby need all the information that they can get in order to help choose which method of feeding is more suitable, because every mother wants what is best for their child. Unlike formula feeding, the benefits of breastfeeding are substantial for both mother and baby. Moreover, choosing to breastfeed will lead to brighter, happier, and healthier lives.
Prematurity alone is a risk factor for increasing morbidity and mortality. However, studies have shown that feeding preterm infants solely breast milk improves outcomes, particularly for those preterm infants who are admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) following birth, due to health complications. For example, preterm infants that are breastfed are discharged sooner from the NICU (,). Specifically, this study was a secondary analysis of randomized controlled trials that have been previously conducted from the years of 2006 to 2011 in four different hospitals, two located in North Carolina, and two in Illinois. Moreover, the main purpose of this study was to examine how kangaroo care (KC) in preterm infants effected
Breast milk is widely acknowledged as the complete form of nutrition for infants with a range of benefits for infants’ health, growth, immunity and development (Breastfeeding- Natural Is Best). All these factors can decrease Sudden Infant Death Syndrome(SIDS) and mortality. In serval meta-analyses babies that are breastfeed have a 36% decrease in the risk of SIDS. According to The Lives Saved Tool, an estimated 823,000 yearly deaths would be saved if breastfeeding was scaled up to universal levels. Disorders like necrotizing enterocolitis, that has a high case-fatality, showed a 58% decrease with breastfeeding (Victoria, Cesar G, et all.).
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) breastfeeding and human milk have long been concluded as the standard for infant nutrition (Eidelman & Schanler, 2012). There is a disparity on whether mothers should exclusively breastfeed or bottle-feed. This review will further discuss the costs and benefits of breastfeeding when compared to bottle-feeding. Additionally, it will examine the effects on mother-infant bonding.
The audience intended for this paper are mothers that have a desire to breastfeed, employers, clinicians, breastfeeding advocacy groups and federal and state legislators involved in policy change.
Healthy term infants are able to dictate their frequency of feeding and the amount of milk intake. This is primarily dictated by the infant's appetite. Preterm infants, on the other hand, may not typically be able to dictate the frequency and amount of milk intake. In most instances, preterm infants are fed at scheduled intervals and making use of prescribed milk volumes. The main reason behind scheduled feeding, without regard for the child's sleep or hunger status, is the concern about the infant's metabolic, neurodevelopmental, as well as gastrointestinal, maturity. However, it is evident that preterm infants are also capable of self-regulating their milk intake. While hunger cues may be difficult to detect in preterm infants, there is sufficient evident for mothers and caregivers to identify and respond to such cues. This paper will examine and analyze the experience of policy development on cue-based feeding in preterm infants. Cue-based feeding is a formidable feeding strategy in preterm infants (Chang & Chen, 2004).
Dr Lawrence (2010) 1 said “ instead of promoting the tremendous benefits of breastfeeding to this population, the risks of formula feeding and the costs to health and the community of not breastfeeding will have to incorporated into persuading these women to do the best for their infants and themselves”.
This piece of writing is going to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of breast and bottle feeding to find which method is better. By researching the information that is available then there should be a definitive answer to the question that has been asked. This essay will be looking at both methods, providing both advantages and disadvantages of breast and bottle feeding to conclude which method is better for both mother and baby.
This is Eromosele, I love Grand Canyon University.Breastfeeding decision should be addressed prenatally to give more time for the mother to make decision before the baby is born. The nurse and the doctors should found out her preference first because most women make up their mind during pregnancy and if they receive proper education from the doctor and nurse, followed by attending breastfeeding classes, they would make the best decision and prepared for it before delivery. To address the postpartum mother reluctancy on adequate nutrition for a newborn, she should not be judged nor forced into formula or breastfeeding, rather,respect her decision, found out why she does not want to breastfeed, any concern should be addressed appropriately.
This article talks about the readiness of feeding in preterm infants and how families can be prepared for early discharge of these infants from hospitals if proper cue based feeding is done.
In the year of 2012 Texas reports a sky high rate of 83% of infants were being breastfed immediately after birth and in 2013 it dropped to 77%. Existing mothers always encourage new moms to breastfeed their newborns after birth. Reasons moms encourage others are reasons of having that bond with their child, the savings that they will have and the benefits in health for the mother and baby. With the benefits being valid I too encourage breastfeeding and only formula feeding if the mother can’t produce enough to fit the baby’s needs when fulfilling the satisfaction of feeling full.
At 1423 October 6, 2014, mom delivered a healthy 3220-gram baby girl. Baby girl was placed on mom’s chest right after birth. Began breast-feeding right away with nurse assistance. After the hour assessment of baby mom tried to breastfeed again starting on the left side for 20 minutes. Mom stated, “This being my first time I am not quite sure how to do this? How will I know she is getting enough?” Dad was also interested in how breast-feeding worked and was curious in why this was the best option for his new daughter opposed to formula feedings. At this time it was the best opportunity to not only teach mom
Statistical Product and Service Solutions for Windows (SPSS) 12.0 software package and SAS 8.0 software. SPSS 12.0 was used for all statistical analysis except linear regression which used SAS 8.0.