Bourgeois And The Proletariat Analysis

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So far the world has been developing with a shocking similarity to what most Marxists have predicted. The world has been divided into two groups: the bourgeois and the proletariat, the haves and the have-nots. The bourgeois is, despite being the quantitative minority, the dominant class that controls the process of production. Under capitalism, the bourgeois exploits and oppresses the proletariat to maximize their own benefits. The proletariat, being the quantitative majority, remains the downtrodden class. Different Marxists provided different explanation and solutions to this capitalistic reality, some being more optimistic while others are more pessimistic. Georg Lukács contributed to this scholarship with his concept of reification and…show more content…
Lucács identified the proletariat as the only social class capable of forming class consciousness and understanding itself as the producer of the totality of society, this realization can overcome the reification and overturn capitalism. To achieve this “awakening”, the proletariats need to understand that they had been the subject of the process of social reproduction, and not an object of contemplation. A communist revolution is the proletariat’s collective action that engages this totality, but a collective action can only be strong when we develop a collective identity. The bourgeois class cannot lead the revolution because they cannot form a class consciousness and, perhaps more importantly, it is against their own immediate financial interest. To reach this conclusion, Lucács made several assumptions here: 1) the proletariat have the same understanding of the oppression, 2) the pain these workers felt will last, and 3) they are able to gain and/ or sustain the collective consciousness and see past individual
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