Bowlby 's Theory Of Attachment Theory

1644 WordsApr 28, 20167 Pages
Bowlby 's Attachment Theory Findings from animal studies were a powerful influence on Bowlby 's thoughts. He suggested too that there was a critical period for the development of attachments between infant and care giver. According to Bowlby, children display an innate tendency to become attached to one particular individual. He called this monotropy. He suggested this trend was qualitatively different from any subsequent attachment a child might form. However, he did not suggest monotropy was absolute but that the child has a hierarchy of attachments. Bowlby thought that if a child were deprived of their mother between 6 months and five years of age, then this would lead to difficulties in later life. They would be unable to form attachments with others and would be likely to turn to crime. He termed this as his maternal deprivation hypothesis. Bowlby suggested that separation experiences in early childhood caused affectionless psychopathy. This is the inability to have deep feelings for other people and, therefore, the lack of meaningful personal relationships. In his hypothesis, Bowlby believed that an infant 's failure to attach to a primary care giver hypothesis. Firstly, the terms 'attachment ' and 'deprivation ' will be defined. Following that, a full definition of the theory will be made, and then an attempt will be made to describe and understand the studies and period of history that lead to Bowlby 's ideas and the influence they generated. A full evaluation

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