Bp Oil Spill Analysis Essay

6383 Words May 26th, 2011 26 Pages
I. INTRODUCTION

1. Scope of Research

The spectrums of oil spill issues are diverse and large. They range from environmental issue to economic, ecological, ethical, politics and policies. Among many other oil spills, the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, occurred on April 20, 2010 was recorded as the greatest environmental disaster in our history (BP leak the world's worst accidental oil spill, 2010).

The goal of our research is to seek possible solutions to reduce the risks of offshore oil spills. To attain this goal, we gathered information from over twenty sources, including “Deepwater Horizon oil” from Wikipedia research and an article from the LA Times.

Our research focused mainly on four aspects of the BP oil spill, the
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In 1999, BP was fined $1.7 million for burning polluted gases at its Ohio refinery. In the following year, the company was charged $10 million by the EPA for the air pollution from its U.S. refineries (Beder, 2002).

BP has also been accused of violating human rights. In 2005, one of BP’s refineries in Texas exploded, caused 15 deaths and 180 injuries. The explosion was largely a result of safety cuts to reduce costs (Baker et al., 2007). From 2006 to 2008, three workers were killed at BP’s Texas refinery due to equipment failure (Collette, 2008).

II. PROBLEM ANALYSIS

1. Environmental Problems

Environmental Impact

On April 20, 2010, one of BP’s drilling wells below the Gulf of Mexico exploded and caused a disastrous oil spill. Thousands of barrels of crude oil flowed into the gulf every day, causing widespread pollution in the Gulf of Mexico (Law Brain, n.d). The habitats of many bird species are threatened by this oil spill.

The American Bird Conservancy (ABC) listed the top ten most polluted areas from the oil spill: 1. Gulf Coast Least Tern Colony, 2. Lower Pascagoula River, 3. Gulf Islands National Seashore, 4. Breton National Wildlife Refuge, 5. Dauphin Island, 6. Fort Morgan Historical Park, 7. Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge, 8. Eglin Air Force Base, 9. Delta National Wildlife Refuge, and 10. Baptiste…

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