Brain-Computer and Brain-Machine Interfaces Applied to the Medical Field

1780 Words Jan 28th, 2018 7 Pages
BCIs have been used for rehabilitative purposes, such as patients suffering from loss of speech and motor functions. Every year, approximately 795,000 people suffer a stroke. Out of these people, 600,000 of these are first attacks and 185,000 are recurrent attacks [9]. Stroke patients often suffer from paralysis and loss of speech. The use of BCIs can be highly beneficial to these patients, as well as to patients suffering from other diseases and traumatic injuries that result in loss of speech and motor function. Besides this, BCIs can also be useful in other areas of the medical field besides rehabilitative purposes. This technology, which was once only seen science-fiction books and movies, is now becoming a realistic approach to treating patients. A BCI allows control of computers with the regulation of the patient’s brain activity alone. There are invasive BCIs that are primarily used in animal models where electrodes are implanted into the brain tissue, and noninvasive BCIs that use EEG recordings in humans. Much research has been done on using BCIs for stroke patients who suffer from paralysis and loss of motor function. The goal is to use BCIs to help these patients recover communication and motor function again. Over the years, much research has been conducted on patients who cannot communicate…

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