Brain Structure and Function Associated with Refraining from Drugs

1893 Words Nov 16th, 2010 8 Pages
new A number of factors influence the brain structures and functions associated with the motivation to refrain from using drugs. The dynamics involved include intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, heredity, and environmental forces. In general, internal motivation is considered to be associated with long-term behavior modification, whereas the successful outcome of external motivation can be short lived (Pubs.niaaa.nih, 2010).Motivational assessment suggests a considerable challenge. To bring about a transformation of behavior, one must consider the individual’s internal point of view and beliefs, as well as his or her external forces and inducements. Although environmental and biological factors play a role in the desire to refrain from …show more content…
Kohn established that the result of the punishment and reward system is inevitably counter productive; although it may be successful in the short term, motivation rapidly diminishes if the rewards are not increased and frequent. Finally, extrinsic motivation, as the underlying principle for abstaining from drug use, can impair intrinsic motivation by eradicating the addicts innate desire to take the action on his, or her, own volition; from that point on, one must be punished or rewarded each time they either use or refrain from the use of drugs Intrinsic Factors
The intrinsic factors that influence one’s desire to refrain from using drugs vary. The inherent nature of the act of taking drugs is the desire to “feel good.” Whatever the imbalance or need, the arousal action is to engage in the use of one’s drug of choice. The intrinsic nature of the desire to refrain from using one’s drug of choice is the same. The motivation to “use” is based on one’s needs; those needs produce a behavior that derives satisfaction (Analytic