Branches of Medicine: Orthopedics

846 WordsFeb 24, 20183 Pages
Orthopedics is the branch of medicine dealing with the correlation of deformities of bones or other muscles. Orthopedic doctors specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of the musculoskeletal system. Now days, many orthopedic surgeons use surgical and non-surgical means to treat muscular trauma, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital conditions. The musculoskeletal system provides form, stability, and movement to the human body (Orthopedics-bones, joint, ligaments and tendons, 2013). When the orthopedic branch was just beginning the surgeons typically only dealt with bone deformities in children using braces to try to correct the bones. Now, with more developed techniques in surgery orthopedic doctors expanded their role to include surgery involving the bones and related nerves and connective tissue (Orthopedic surgery, 2014). Just like being in any part of medicine, specializing in a more specific area is an option. For an example, as and orthopedic surgeon one could choose to focus more on hand surgery, joint replacements, or disorders of the spine. While others specialize in trauma medicine and can be found in emergency rooms and trauma centers treating injuries (Orthopedic surgery, 2014). At times the work an orthopedic does is sometimes a little in the grey area of what a plastic surgeon, geriatric specialist, pediatricians, or podiatrists. Meaning, there are times where the work of an orthopedic can mimic the same characteristics
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