Brazil Culture

17445 Words Nov 23rd, 2008 70 Pages
ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY
FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

JANUARY 2007

.INDEX

Preface……………………………………………………………………………3
List of Tables……………………………………………………………………. 3

I. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………….4

II.CULTURAL PATTERNS OF BRAZIL…………………………………….
A. Social Institutions……………………………………………………….
1. Historical………………………………………………………………5
2. Geographical…………………………………………………………. 7
3. Demographical……………………………………………………….. 8
4. Political……………………………………………………………….. 10
5. Economic………………………………………………………………13
6. Religious……………………………………………………………….20
7. Linguistic………………………………………………………………20
8. Educational……………………………………………………………23
9. Aesthetic……………………………………………………………….24 B. Organizational Culture………………………………………………….
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Reaching the Cape of Good Hope in 1487, they were led by the navigator, Vasco da Gama, across the Indian Ocean to discover the sea route to the Far East in 1497. They knew of the existence of lands across the Atlantic and they had made several expeditions to the West before Columbus discovered the Antilles in 1492, but they had kept the knowledge to themselves in order to forestall the ambitions of Spain, England, and France. For a small nation, secrecy was the only available method of safeguarding the rewards of bold and successful exploration against exploitation by more powerful maritime rivals.
The Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) settled the question of possession of the new lands between Spain and Portugal. It was agreed that territories lying east of a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands should belong to Portugal, the lands to the west to Spain. This imaginary line, from pole to pole, cut through the eastern- most part of the South American continent and constituted Brazil's first frontier, although the formal discovery by Pedro Alvares Cabral did not take place until six years later in 1500.
First Settlements (1530-1549)
Cabral's voyage was soon followed by other Portuguese expeditions. The most exploitable wealth they found was a wood that produced red and purples dyes, pau-brasil (from which the country derived its name). Organized occupation only began in 1530,
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