Breast Cancer : A Major Burden Of Disease For Females

2238 Words Apr 29th, 2016 9 Pages
Breast cancer is a major burden of disease for females in Australia. It is defined as the abnormal growth and uncontrolled division in breast cells resulting in cancerous cells that can invade and damage surrounding tissue (Montaruli et al., 2012). In Australia, breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women and is the second highest cause of cancer related death (Bech et al., 2012). On average, one in eight women are expected to develop breast cancer in their lifetime (Bech et al., 2012;Yu et al., 2014). The incidence of breast cancer worldwide is increasing annually and it affects both males and females. Breast cancer is, therefore, an important priority area for the Australian health system and is crucial to understand women’s lived experience of breast cancer. This essay will explore the link between physical activity and overcoming the negative side effects of chemotherapy. It will consider whether a woman with a family history of cancer has a right to forgo genetic screening and explain the risk factors, current health care costs and national strategies to prevent and manage breast cancer in Australia.
Question One
Chemotherapy is an extremely stressful experience for women diagnosed with breast cancer and each individual has a different way of coping. The cytotoxic drugs used in chemotherapy aim to intensively destroy the proliferating cancer cells but can also destroy the normal cells such as the epithelia in the gastrointestinal tract (Lenz, 2012).…
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