Over the past decade breast cancer has become one of the most predominant diseases in the United States. Breast cancer starts out as a malignant tumor in the tissues of the breast which is formed from the uncontrolled growth of abnormal breast cells. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, but it can also appear in men. (Stephan, 2010)
Breast Cancer at the Cellular Level There are many different diseases that terrorize the human race every day. Of all of these sicknesses, one of the most devastating is breast cancer. Breast cancer touches all types of people all over the world each day. It is actually the second most common cancer amongst women in the United States. One in every eight women in the United States has some form of breast cancer and currently, the death rates are higher than any other cancer with the exception of lung cancer. Cancer is defined by the Merriam-Webster Online dictionary as “a malignant tumor of potentially unlimited growth that expands locally by invasion and systemically by metastasis.” Therefore, breast cancer is a disease of
Diagnosis is the process of finding the cause of a health problem. This problem is detected through physical examination. Most of the tests to find out if you have breast cancer also show the stage of where your cancer is at. The following are a few tests done for diagnosis. Medical History test is a record of present symptoms, risk factors and medical events/problems a person has had in the past. This includes a personal history of breast disease or breast cancer, hormone replacement therapy, previous radiation therapy to the chest, and a family history of breast cancer, other cancers and symptoms that may relate to breast cancer. A Physical examination a doctor will do the Clinical breast examination test (CBE) to check the breast and lymph
With the advancement of therapies for breast cancer, comes with the increased use of screening through mammography, a technique that uses x-ray’s, which is helping people get more accurate cancer diagnosis (E). According to the Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 40% of all breast cancers diagnosed by mammography is DCIS
New Treatments for Breast Cancer Breast Cancer affects one in eight of American women, and is the second most common cause of cancer death in America. I chose to write my term paper on breast cancer because it is a disease that has effected some members of my family.
Breast cancer is an uncontrolled growth of the breast cells as a result of mutations or abnormal changes in the genes that are responsible for regulating the growth of cells and keeping them healthy. In normal healthy cells our body replaces the old dead cells with healthy new ones through a process of cell growth. When mutations occur certain genes can be turned off or turned on resulting in cells that have the ability to infinitely divide without any rhyme or reason. This produces more cells that are abnormal and eventually leads to the formation of a tumor. Tumors can end up being benign or malignant. Benign tumors are not cancerous, their cells are slightly abnormal and they grow slowly and do not spread to nearby tissues or other parts
Breast Cancer Why is proper awareness and early detection of breast cancer important? Breast cancer is dated many years ago, and it is considered a multi dynamic illness. This illness is traced back to over 3000 years B.C. during Egyptian civilization (Sergent, Breanne). The medical field has improved significantly nowadays, and the new enhanced methods to detect breast cancer are very promising. This has resulted largely from carefully conducted clinical trials and different researches, simultaneously with various multidisciplinary approaches to the illness. Many in our society are uneducated to the effects and deaths caused by breast cancer; however, with proper awareness and right information, lives would be saved.
Breast cancer is a fascinating disease that takes the life of thousands of women every year. It is one of the leading causes of death for women in their middle ages. First, the definition of cancer is uncontrolled division of cells cancerous cells in the body. Therefore, breast cancer is caused by uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in the breasts. Breast cancer has been noted in history for thousands of years. The ancient Greeks first discovered the disease about 3,500 years ago (Mandal, 2013). Back in 460 B.C., Hippocrates, the father of Western Medicine characterized the disease as a humoral disease. It was believed that there were four humors in the body, which were blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. Hippocrates believed
Invasive lobular carcinoma is the cancer cells developed from the lobules to the breast tissues that are nearby. Certain invasive cancer cells can also expand to other parts of the body. There are numerous other less well-known kinds of breast cancer such as Paget’s disease, medullary, mucinous, and inflammatory breast cancer. Ductal carcinoma in situ is the appearance of irregular cells inside a milk duct in the breast. The cancer cells are particularly in the covering of the ducts and have not expanded to additional tissues in the breast. Many women have distinctive manifestations of breast cancer. Some people do not have any indications or signs at all. A woman may pronounce out that they have breast cancer after a regular mammogram. Some caution signs of breast cancer are: lump in the breast or armpit, thickening or swelling of part of the breast, irritation or dimpling of breast skin, redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or the breast, pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple area, nipple discharge other than breast milk, including blood, any change in the size or the shape of the breast, Pain in any area of the
Mammography for breast cancer - 7 things you should know if your doctor or obstetrician has advised mammography, before going for that check, keep the points given below in mind. Updated: Thursday, March 2, 2017, 23:35 [IST] Subscribe to Boldsky Breast Cancer is the leading cause of women's cancer in India. Although awareness of the symptoms and dangers of breast cancer is considerable, awareness on breast cancer is less awareness. So if your doctor or obstetrician has advised mammography, before leaving for that check, keep the points given below in mind. 1- Mammography is not recommended for women under 40 years of age. This is because breast cells in the young women are more intense than older women, and in the mammogram, they appear as
One out of every eight women in the US is diagnosed with breast cancer every year. When women get older, their chances of developing breast cancer increases. In fact, 80% of all breast cancer patients are women ages fifty and up. As the number of breast cancer patients increases year
The National Breast Cancer Foundation states that “Forty percent of diagnosed breast cancers are detected by women who feel a lump, so establishing a regular breast self-exam is very important.” Breast self-exams help women know how their breasts look and feel like and can get to the doctor early whenever a lump is felt. There are three different ways to do a breast self-exam: 1). While in the shower, using the fingertips, go in a circle starting from the outside of the breast all the way to the center part where the nipple is, check for any lumps or hard areas on the breast and check the nipple for any discharge. Check the armpit also for any lumps or hardened areas. 2). Standing in front of a mirror with arms down, look at breasts for size, shape, swelling, dimpling or any color changes next, raise arms up over head and look same. 3). While lying down on your back, with a pillow under your shoulders ,with right arm is behind head and with the fingertips of the left hand, going in a circular motion check for any lumps, check the whole breast and the armpit. Check each side one at a
Breast cancer is the second most prominent cause of cancer deaths in women. About 1 in 8 American women living in the U.S. will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer sometime during the course of their life. About 39,620 of those women will die from it. “Breast cancer occurs when
Examine the breasts and the surrounding areas by doing circular motions and increasing the pressure to examine more than just superficial tissue.
INTRODUCTION BREAST cancer is currently the most common cancer affecting women worldwide . In European women, it is the leading cause of cancer death, causing one in six of all deaths from cancers .In the U.S., a woman has a 12.15% (about one in eight) risk of developing breast cancer during