Breast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer

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Breast cancer
Introduction to Breast cancer

Breast cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer only surpassed by lung cancer. It involves a cancerous tumour located inside the breast but spreads if treatment is not administered. (Evert et al 2011) Breast cancer can be treated if diagnosed in its early stages but becomes progressively more difficult upon reaching more advancing malignant stages. Breast cancer can be confused with being a female only disease however both sexes suffer. According to statistics in 2011 which measured the abundance of breast cancer in the UK, 50,285 new cases of breast cancer were confirmed with 98% being female and 2% male, these statistics show that the disease is more problematic in females which may result from differences in breast formation or hormonal and genetic differences.

Definition of Breast Cancer

The breast is a tissue overlaying the Pectoral muscles sitting in-front of the ribs. It is composed of 20 lobes consisting of milk producing lobules and ducts that transport milk to the nipple. Surrounding the lobules are fat globules and fibrous tissue. The breasts consist of many blood vessels supplying a continuous supply of oxygenated blood and lymph vessels that are connected to cluster of lymph nodes aiding in trapping bacteria and cancerous cells. (Copper 1990)
Breast cancer is simply cancer that inhabits the tissues inside the breast resulting from random mutations in specific genes or from over expression of certain sex
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