Breast Cancer Is A Fascinating Disease That Takes The Life

1318 WordsMar 18, 20176 Pages
Breast cancer is a fascinating disease that takes the life of thousands of women every year. It is one of the leading causes of death for women in their middle ages. First, the definition of cancer is uncontrolled division of cells cancerous cells in the body. Therefore, breast cancer is caused by uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in the breasts. Breast cancer has been noted in history for thousands of years. The ancient Greeks first discovered the disease about 3,500 years ago (Mandal, 2013). Back in 460 B.C., Hippocrates, the father of Western Medicine characterized the disease as a humoral disease. It was believed that there were four humors in the body, which were blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. Hippocrates believed…show more content…
First and foremost, women are more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer than men are. Also alcohol consumption can increase an individual’s chance of getting breast cancer. “Observational studies have repeatedly shown that alcohol consumption is associated with a moderate increase in the risk of breast cancer; risk increases by roughly 10% per 10 g alcohol (1 unit) consumed per day” (Key, Verkasalo, & Banks, 2001). Also genetic factors can influence the chances of obtaining breast cancer. “Although most of the breast cancers are not hereditary there are genes that determine the likelihood of getting breast cancer. This includes genes like BRCA1 and BRCA2 that can increase the risk of developing both breast and ovarian cancer” (Mandal, 2013). Furthermore, exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) can increase an individual’s chances of getting breast cancer. Age and height are also another risk factor. Taller and older women are more likely to be diagnosed with the disease (Mandal, 2013). Lastly, increased exposure to estrogen can cause breast cancer. Women who get their period at and young age and enter menopause at a later age are exposed to longer durations of estrogen (Mandal, 2013). There are numerous diagnostic techniques for breast cancer. In most cases, the first step is a breast exam. In this exam the doctor will check for any lumps or abnormalities in the breasts. Another technique is a mammogram, which is an x-ray

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