Breast Cancer Essay

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Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the world (Breast). Every three minutes a woman is diagnosed: one in eight women will have breast cancer (Walgreens, 2011; Chen, 2010). “I have to admit, like so many women, I always knew there was a chance. But like so many women, I never thought it would be me. I never thought I'd hear those devastating words: 'You have breast cancer.' “- Debbie Wasserman Schultz, a democratic representative of Florida (2011). Mutations turn genes on and off, activating diseases; all women have a chance of developing breast cancer (Understanding; Breast). Unhealthy cells divide and form a tumor. The tumor can be benign and not dangerous. Malignant tumors can become potentially dangerous…show more content…
This cancer has a higher chance of spreading and a worse prognosis (Rosen, 2011). Triple-negative breast cancer occurs when cells lack estrogen receptors and progesterone receptors from not having an excess of the HER2 protein (Rosen, 2011). The gene HER2 helps cells grow, divide, and repair; this spreads the disease faster. HER2-positive breast cancer becomes a more aggressive cancer and has a higher risk for recurrence (Chen, 2010).Typically found in younger women and African-American women; this cancer grows and spreads quickly (Rosen, 2011). Paget disease of the nipple starts in the breast ducts and spreads to the nipple; accounting for about 1% of breast cancers. The skin of the nipple appears crusted, scaly, and red. The woman may experience burning or itching (Rosen, 2011). Angiosarcoma begins in blood vessel or lymph vessel cells; usually developing as a complication of radiation treatments. This cancer grows and spreads quickly (Rosen, 2011). Risks increase for breast cancer as you age. Women are 100 times more likely to get breast cancer than men. The chance of breast cancer developing becomes higher when a family member has cancer: 20 - 30% of women with breast cancer have a family history of cancer. Genes increase the chances of breast cancer; women with a gene defect have an 80% chance of breast cancer (Chen, 2010). Only 5-10% of cancers are caused by an abnormality inherited from

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