Breast Cancer Essay

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Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Prevention Every year for the last fifty years the number of cases of breast cancer in women has steadily increased. The only cancer that claims more women's lives in the United States is Lung Cancer.
(http://rex.nci.nih.gov/NCI_Pub_Interface/raterisk/rates42.html) This naturally causes concern among women, and thus the question of prevention is immediately asked. With prevention of lung cancer, the easiest and most effective way is to avoid smoking completely. Breast cancer, on the other hand does not have such a direct behavioral action that dramatically changes a person's risk. There are many factors that cause a person to be more at risk for breast cancer,
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Statistics show how countries around the world have rather different rates of breast cancer. From 1986 to 1988 the death rates of breast cancer victims were compiled. England and Wales had the highest rate with 29.3 deaths per 100,000 women with breast cancer. Other European countries tended to have the highest rates, and Asian countries had the lowest. Thailand had the lowest number of deaths with only one death per 100,000 women from 1986 to 1988. The United States ranked sixteenth of the fifty countries in the survey with a rate of 22.4 deaths per 100,000 women. (http://rex.nci.nih.gov/NCI_Pub_Interface/raterisk/rates42.html)

Incidence rates are roughly five times higher in northern Europe and North America than in Asia. (International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1992) It has been shown that when women move from a country with a typically low rate of breast cancer to one with a higher rate, the woman's risk gradually increases to that of a typical woman in the country with the higher rate. Thus, environmental and behavioral differences between the countries must play an important role in an individual woman's breast cancer risk.

Dietary Fat

One theory of the large variance among the country's incidences of breast cancer deals with the amount of fat the people in each country consumes. As body weight and mass increase in

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