Breast Cancer : Risk Factors And Prevention

1526 Words Aug 4th, 2014 7 Pages
Breast Cancer: Risk Factors and Prevention

When malignant cells form in the tissues of the breast, breast cancer occurs. One in 8 women are diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime (Stuckey, 2011). Breast cancer also occurs in men; however, the number of cases is small compared to women accounting for only 1% of the breast cancer cases in the United States (Stuckey, 2011). Breast cancer is the third most frequent type of cancer in the world (Stuckey, 2011), and the second most common type of cancer in American women next to skin cancer. Over the past several years, deaths from breast cancer have decreased each year; however, it still remains the second most frequent cause of cancer related deaths in American women with lung cancer being the first. There are many risk factors and preventions to reduce the likelihood of developing breast cancer. Risk factors are conditions or habits that increase a person’s chances of developing a disease (National Cancer Institute, 2014) such as sex, age, family history, personal history, heredity, radiation, hormones, breast density, obesity, and alcohol intake. Cancer prevention is any type of action taken to lower the chance of getting cancer (National Cancer Institute). Protective factors are things that reduce one’s likelihood of developing cancer. Avoiding things known to cause cancer lowers ones risk. Protective factors include smoking, limiting alcohol, controlling one’s weight, eating a healthy diet, staying…
Open Document