Breast Cancer; Saving the Girls

959 WordsJun 24, 20184 Pages
Breast cancer is the second most prominent cause of cancer deaths in women. About 1 in 8 American women living in the U.S. will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer sometime during the course of their life. About 39,620 of those women will die from it. “Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast divide and grow without their normal control” (Komen). There are two main types of breast cancer. Ductal carcinoma, the most common type which starts in the tubes that transport milk from the breast to the nipple, and lobular carcinoma which starts in the area that helps to produce milk called the lobules. “Breast cancer can be invasive or noninvasive. Invasive means it has spread from the milk duct or lobule to other tissues in the breast.…show more content…
Local therapy such as surgery and radiation are intended to treat the tumor without affecting the rest of the body. After surgery, patients are given additional treatment to prevent the cancer from coming back called adjuvant treatment. The purpose of adjuvant treatment is to kill hidden cells that can go on to become new tumors. Many patients are given treatment before the surgery. That treatment is known as neoadjuvant treatment. Neoadjuvant treatment aims to shrink the tumor in hopes for a simpler operation. Most patients who get neoadjuvant treatment will no longer need adjuvant treatment. Research in hopes of preventing breast cancer is being done in many medical centers all over the world. Doctors are trying to find new treatment options and better care for their patients. “Researchers have found that in many women with breast cancer, cells may break away from the tumor and enter the blood. These circulating tumor cells can be detected with sensitive lab tests. Although these tests can help predict which patients may go on to have their cancer come back, it isn’t clear that the use of these tests will help patients live longer. They potentially may be useful in patients with advanced breast cancer to help tell if treatments are working” (“What’s”). It is essential to know the symptoms and signs of breast cancer in order to catch it early on. A lump or mass in
Open Document