Brief Survey of American Literature

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Brief Survey of American Literature 1. Beginnings to 1700 Great mixing of peoples from the whole Atlantic basin Bloody conflicts between Native Americans (or American Indians) and European explorers and settlers who had both religious and territorial aspirations - Native American oral literature / oral tradition - European explorers’ letters, diaries, reports, etc., such as Christopher Columbus’s letters about his voyage to the “New world”. - Anglo (New England) settlers’ books, sermons, journals, narratives, and poetry Native American / American Indian oral literature / oral tradition creation stories(起源神话) trickster tales(恶作剧者传奇) rituals / ceremonies(典仪) songs / chants(曲词) Anglo Settlers’ Writings Highly religious…show more content…
Neoclassic(3) Good poetry is “the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.” - unforced and free composition out of the inherent organic “laws” of the poet’s imagination Romantic vs. Neoclassic(4) Subject matter: nature; central human experiences and problems Feelingful meditation; thinking Romantic vs. Neoclassic(5) Subject matter: personal experiences of the poet, often the social nonconformists or outcasts Romantic vs. Neoclassic(6) Human beings are endowed with limitless aspiration toward the infinite good Highest art – an endeavour beyond finite human possibility The American Romanticism stretched from the end of the 18th century to the outbreak of the Civil War was extremely influential, and best represented by the New England poets and novelists Both imitative and independent One of the most important periods in the history of American literature, usually called the Renaissance of American literature Early Romanticism Henry Wadsworth Longfellow James Russell Lowell John Greenleaf Whittier James Fenimore Cooper Washington Irving William Cullen Bryant New England Transcendentalism Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Margaret Fuller High Romanticism Walt Whitman Emily Dickinson Nathaniel Hawthorne Herman Melville Edgar Allan Poe Early romantic writers Washington Irving
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