British Child Protection Policies Essay

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“Parliaments and their members can and should be among the foremost champions of child protection. They can legislate, oversee government activity, allocate financial resources and, as leaders within their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues and provide advocacy.”

Historic Perspective
The end of the 19th century saw a raising concern with the cruelty inflicted to children by their guardians, that was expressed in the public campaigns carried out by the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children . This, together with the progressive intervention of the state into family life during that period, for example through compulsory education, created the appropriated conditions for the passage of
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(The prevention of delinquency was made through psychological treatment of the family and from the late 1920’s there was a spread of Child Guidance Clinics .)
Following the death of Denis O’Neil at the hands of his foster parents in 1945 and the Curtis report in 1946, that investigated the welfare of looked after children , the parliament passed the Children Act 1948 which created local authorities’ children’s services to take responsibility for children in care . This was coherent with the after War period of the welfare state and the idea of widen welfare services and allowances . In 1952, after lobbying by children’s departments workers representatives for a more preventive work , the Children and Young Persons (Amendment) Act extended the duties of local authorities to investigate any cases of alleged abuse or neglect . This responsibility was further extended in 1963 by the Children and Young Persons Act. The act placed a duty on local authorities to provide preventive services to families to avoid the entrance of children into care and to reduce the time spent in care.
Put Bowlby’s emerging attachment theory therefore?
Put Kemp as responsible for the re-emerging of child abuse in early 60’s?
With the growing focus on the work with families become apparent the need to have a more effective service for all the family. In the Seebohn report in 1968 that need was recognised and one of the
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