British Control Over The Suez Canal

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In 1882, Great Britain took over Egypt through military invasions, making it a protectorate in order to have control over the Suez Canal. The Suez Canal connected the British Empire in the west to India in the east, making it significant trade route for Britain to control. During the Cold War, Egypt became an area of great tension, challenging British control over the canal. There was an increase of nationalism, along with the rise of Gamal Abdel Nasser to power. His rise to power lead to the Suez Canal Crisis and Egypt’s independence from Britain in 1956. The Arab Spring began in Tunisia in December, 2010, eventually spreading to Egypt in 2011. British control over parts of Africa during the nineteenth century lead to many crises in the 20th and 21st centuries, including the Suez Canal Crisis and the Arab Spring in Egypt. The Cold War began soon after the Second World War ended, starting in 1947 and ending in 1991. The United States and the Soviet Union competed for nuclear superiority, beginning a nuclear arms race. Most other countries were in debt because of the war, so the US and the USSR became superpowers that other countries became allies with (Kte 'pi, par. 4). The American side was called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or NATO, and consisted of Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United Kingdom (Kte’pi, par. 9). Albania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet

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