British Influence on the Hong Kong Government

1718 Words Oct 31st, 2011 7 Pages
According to scientists, there has been human activity on Hong Kong since the Neolithic and Paleolithic eras. However, the earliest recorded European man to travel there was a Portuguese man named Jorge Álvares who did not travel there until 1513. For many thousands of years, Hong Kong was subjected to the rule of the dynastic China. However, Britain gained the land of Hong Kong after defeating the Chinese army in the Opium Wars. Today, Hong Kong has a democratic government modeled very much after the British one. How did it get there? Why is it democratic? Why isn’t it included in the Chinese government?
How did Britain come to play a part in a small country on the other side of the hemisphere? Ever since 1699, when the British
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The Hong Kong government, on the other hand, has a head of government known as the Chief Executive. There are two councils of the Hong Kong government, the Executive Council and the Legislative Council [2]. The Legislative Council is made up of 60 members, 30 of whom are chosen through geographical constituencies and 30 of whom are chosen by functional constituencies. They are in charge of monitoring the government’s performance, as well as enacting, amending, or repelling any laws in accordance to the provisions of the Basic Laws and legal procedures. There are, however, even more duties of the Legislative Council that are more minor than the ones mentioned [6]. The Executive Council is the other council involved in the Hong Kong government. The Executive Council primarily assists the Chief Executive in policy-making decisions. Members are appointed by the Chief Executive from the Principal officials of the executive authorities, members of the Legislative Council, and other public figures. The Chief Executive must consult the Executive Council before making important policy decisions, introducing bills to the Legislative Council, making subordinate legislation, or dissolving the Legislative Council. If the Chief Executive does not accept the Executive Council’s majority ruling, he may place the specific reasons on file. The Judiciary branch is basically in charge of making sure Hong Kong remains
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