British Literature Essay

1614 Words May 18th, 2013 7 Pages
British Literature
1. the Middle Ages
the oldest literature monument of the Anglo – Saxon period is the old Germanic legend called BEOWULF. This heroic poem is about the strong and courageous pagan hero Beowulf
John Wycliffe – is a professor of Oxford University. With his students he translated the whole Bible into English
- he influenced Master Jan Hus and our Hussite movement very much
2. the renaissance and humanism
Geoffrey Chaucer – Canterbury Tales – brilliant portrait of 30 pilgrims who travel to Canterbury and they were saying stories each other, each one said four stories, but in tact there are only 23 tales.
William Shakespeare – is the biggest author of this period
Christopher Marlowe – might became another
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Among his major novels belong “Little Dorrit, David Copperfield, The Pickwick Papers, Great Expectgations, Oliver Twist, Christmas Carol” – see enclosed paper
7. The 1. Half of the 20th century
William Makepeace Thackeray – he wrote novels against snobbery and hypocrisy. His main novel is “Vanity Fair”
Thomas Hardy – together with D.H.Lewrence represents the naturalistic trend in literature. He understands hard life of common people, hates hypocrisy and brutal egoism of the rich, his work is ironical and pessimistic
Oscar Wilde – he was born in Dublin, Ireland. His father was a well – known surgeon and his mother was a successful writer. After a comfortable childhood, he decided to study classical literature in a College in Dublin. In 1874 moved to a College in Oxford. After college he continued writing poems and he moved to London. He publishes here his first book simply called “Poems” §- many literature professors criticized him, they said he was not original, because he had used many words from other poets and writers. But in spite of this criticism he became more popular (he got a great reputation for the way he dressed, for his intelligence and conversation skills). In 1884 he married Constance Lloyd and they had two boys. Wilde wrote many stories for his childern including “The Happy Prince, The Canterville Ghost”. The play Oscar Wilde wrote after 1890 mad e him legend. He…