Bronfenbrenner 's Ecological Systems Theory

1334 WordsAug 30, 20156 Pages
Developed by Urie Bronfenbrenner, the ecological systems theory divides personal development into five categories that attempt to explain how a person grows and evolves into their individual self. The microsystem is the category in which the individual is impacted by their immediate relations with family, peers, and social institutions such as school or church. The second category, the mesosystem, describes the interactions of an individual’s different microsystems. The exosystem exists to provide a link between the individual and influences outside of their control, such as the stress of a parent’s role at work causing conflict inside the home. The next category, the macrosystem involves larger cultural influences on a person such as socioeconomic status and ethnicity (Bronfenbrenner). Finally, the chronosystem exists outside each of the preceding categories in that it encompasses the lifespan of an individual in its entirety, describing “environmental events and transitions, including sociohistorical events” (Williams). The following are examples of how Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory applies to my own personal development. As a child, I was incredibly introverted, not speaking to anyone outside of my immediate family. We lived in a very small, rural community in Missouri, and there were not many children my own age living in my neighborhood. Sometime during the summer between first and second grades, my mother took my siblings and me to the city pool in order
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