Brown V. Board Of Education Of Topeka

1634 Words May 24th, 2016 7 Pages
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which allowed state-sponsored segregation, insofar as it applied to public education. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court 's unanimous (9–0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." As a result, de jure racial segregation was ruled a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. This ruling paved the way for integration and was a major victory of the Civil Rights Movement.[1] However, the decision 's fourteen pages did not spell out any sort of method for ending racial segregation in schools, and the Court 's second decision in Brown II only ordered states to desegregate "with all deliberate speed".

Contents [hide]
1 Background
2 Case
2.1 Filing and arguments
2.2 Supreme Court review
2.3 Unanimous opinion and consensus building
2.4 Holding
2.5 Local outcomes
3 Social implications
3.1 Deep South
3.2 Upland South
3.3 The North
4 Legal criticism and praise
5 Brown II
6 Brown III
7 Related cases
8 See also
9 References
10 Further reading
11 External links
Background
For much of the sixty years preceding the Brown case, race relations in the U.S. had been dominated by racial…
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