Brown vs. Board of Education: Case Study

1745 Words Jan 29th, 2018 7 Pages
Board of Education of Topeka was taken to the Supreme Court, the ruling in earlier Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson stood. Plessy v. Ferguson established the "separate but equal" doctrine, which pervaded nearly every aspect of American life. One of the realms that Plessy v Ferguson expressly applied to was the area of public schools. Public schools in America could be racially segregated, based on the assumption that African-American schools were "equal" to their white counterparts. The assumptions made in Plessy versus Ferguson were based on the false premise that it was possible to sustain equality in a racist environment. The African-American schools were not equal.
The steps leading to the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case began with a class action lawsuit filed in Tokepa, Kansas courts. As Patterson (2001) points out, thirteen parents sued on behalf of twenty children, on the basis that the children were being denied rights to equal education. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) helped with the lawsuit, and helped the parents bring it to trial in Topeka. When the Topeka courts ruled in favor of the Topeka Board of Education, the case was brought before the Supreme Court for review. The Topeka courts deemed that Plessy versus Ferguson allowed for school segregation and therefore, the district's schools did not have to permit integration if they did not want to. Brown versus Board of Education primarily…
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