Buddhism And Its Effect On Society

842 Words Nov 28th, 2015 4 Pages
Buddhism originates from Hinduism, and thus it advocates samsaric cycle driven by karma (intentional action). Yet, it is distinct from Hinduism because it denies the existence of unchanging, eternal essence of human personality based on the doctrine of the impermanence of all compounded phenomena (197, 201). In Buddhism, there is nothing to be permanent and unaffected (203). Even if someone perceives his/her self as an unchanging core, such a feeling/perception is nothing but a result of an interaction between various metal and physical factors (203). That is, it is an illusion not a truth.
In Buddhism, a human being consists of five aggregates: matter, feelings, perceptions, karmic formation or mental habit patterns, and consciousness (205). Among these five things, fourth aggregate is the most important in that karma is the driving force of the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth (205). Although Buddhism approves that after death, the stream of consciousness is not destroyed but propelled through the subtle energy of the person’s past karmic patterns into a new birth, it does not mean that consciousness is not eternal (208). Just the flow of consciousness is transferred to the new birth according the guidance of karma.
Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha while there is no founder in Hinduism. After realizing the universal and inescapable nature of suffering, Siddhartha finally attained the stage of the liberation (nirvana) through the path of meditation (199-200). So, the…
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