Buddhism In Buddhism : The Four Principles Of Buddhism

Decent Essays
At the core of the Buddha’s teaching are the Four Noble Truths. They are of suffering, origin, cessation, and eight principles to improve the self. The first one states that suffering, or dukkha, is extensive. “No living being can escape suffering” (CIWR, 390). “Birth, sickness, senility, and death are all occasions of suffering, whether physical or psychological” (CIWR, 390). Even the most desired pleasure leads to unexpected suffering. The second one points out that suffering has a cause such as one’s immoderate cravings and attachments. “Suffering arises from excessive desire” (CIWR, 390). The third one teaches that suffering can come to an end. “Suffering will cease when desire ceases” (CIWR, 390). This total cessation is called nibbana and can be thought of as one’s worldly desires being blown out like a fire, leading to a consciousness like no other. The fourth instructs that there is a path to the end of suffering. “It is possible to put an end to desire, and hence to suffering, by following eight principles of self-improvement” (CIWR, 390). The principles that make up the Eightfold Path are right view, right intention, right speech, right kinds of action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration (CIWR, 390). Although all eight work together in unity, the first two are about starting the path, the next three develop moral codes, and the final three are for deeper practice. As characteristics of existence, comprehending impermanence and
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