Buddhism and Ecotourism

1051 WordsJun 23, 20185 Pages
Following Mao Zedong’s Communist forces victory over the Kuomintang forces of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, “Mao declared the founding of the People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949.” (History of PRC) This marked the beginning of the socialist transformation under Mao’s rule in which he planned to unify China and raise the standard of living through the development of China’s infrastructure, industry, healthcare, and education. Mao’s two main campaigns during his time in power were the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution. Through these campaigns he hoped to purify China’s culture by eradicating the landlord ownership system and focusing on class struggle by implementing a distribution system in favor of poor, landless…show more content…
Its market reforms still aren’t complete and its per capita income is still much lower than any advanced country, which has led to China’s high inequality. Along with economic issues, the rapid economic growth has caused multiple other issues. China’s main focus has been solely on its economic aspects for so long that it almost seems as if they have been blind to the environmental degradation, increasing rural crisis, growing unemployment and poverty, government corruption, deteriorating public services, as well as escalating social unrests that is and has been occurring for a while now. Although all of these issues at hand are important, the issue that I will be focusing on is the massive environmental degradation and how it has been affected by the increases in Buddhist religious freedom and ecotourism. In 1949, China’s natural forests were nationalized and private forests were collectivized, this gave state enterprises control over the forests. The main problem that came out of this was that these enterprises promoted leadership with higher profits from timber production. This caused managers of companies to try to increase their profits from timber production but wouldn’t use any of those profits for replanting timber resources because they had no incentive to. This led to China’s annual forest volume harvested to be greater than the growth in forest volume, which directly connects to deforestation. “China had

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