Buddhist Ethics: Ethics And Ethics Of Buddhism

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Buddhist ethics are traditionally based on what Buddhists view as the enlightened perspective of the Buddha, or other enlightened being who followed him. Moral instructions are included in Buddhist scriptures or handed down through tradition. According to traditional Buddhism, basic principles common to all schools are (i) The Three Marks of Existence, (ii) the Four Noble Truths and (iii) Eightfold Path with the Middle Way. These principles are focusing on those ideas and teachings which pertain to morality (James D. Sellmann, 2009).
The main focus of Buddhist applied ethics is the suffering person who can be freed from the dis-ease of life by following the Four Nobel Truths, firstly, all this unenlightened life like dis-ease, suffering, or pain refers to dukkha. Secondly, the dukkha is generated from tanha which mean that desire-cravings and following by the cravings can be stopped. Lastly, the way to stop them is to follow the Eightfold Path. It is the basic guidelines for acceptable behavior that provided by the Buddha (James D. Sellmann, 2009).
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The precepts are not rules or commandments, but as training rules that undertake freely and need to be put into practice with intelligence and sensitivity (James D. Sellmann, 2009). Therefore, Buddhism is one of the major religions in the world which has long tradition of emphasizing ethical behavior in its practice (Otto H. Chang, Stanley W. Davis and Kent D. Kauffman, 2012). The writers found evidence showing that the influence of religion on ethics is documented in literature (Md Zabid Rashid and Saidatul Ibrahim, “The Effect of Culture and Religiosity on Business Ethics: A Cross-Cultural Comparison,” Journal of Business Ethics 82 (2008): 907-917; Sean McGuire, Thomas Omer, and Nathan Sharp, “The Influence of Religion on Aggressive Financial
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