Building A Theory Of Intelligence Systems

944 Words Oct 27th, 2015 4 Pages
By adapting or altering the technology of an intelligence system, a state is better able to confront the challenges posed by other states. Michael Warner’s chapter “Building a Theory of Intelligence Systems” in National Intelligence Systems focuses on how three independent variables – strategy, regime, and technology – drive intelligence systems. Clarence E. Smith’s chapter, the “CIA’s Analysis of Soviet Science and Technology” in the Watching the Bear, is an example of how a change in one component of an intelligence system affects a state’s ability to formulate policy. Smith focuses on how the CIA and its military counterparts had to adapt their approach to surveillance on the Soviet Union’s weapons and radar systems to gather relevant information and inform policy makers. The technological adaptation spurred a change in the CIA’s analysis of the information that in turn affected the United States’ ability to understand the Soviet Union and formulate policies around it. Warner first compares previous writings on intelligence and what other authors view as pertinent aspects of various intelligence structures. Warner then focuses on a definition of intelligence and gives a brief historical overview of how intelligence affects a state (or sovereignty’s) ability to understand and influence other states in the system. Finally, Warner presents his three components that drive the development and activities of an intelligence system – strategy, regime, and technology. Smith…
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