Building Construction

11374 Words Jul 12th, 2012 46 Pages
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Building construction is a complex, significant, and rewarding process. It begins with an idea and culminates in a structure that may serve its occupants for several decades, even centuries. Like the manufacturing of products, building construction requires an ordered and planned assembly of materials. It is, however, far more complicated than product manufacturing. Buildings are assembled outdoors on all types of sites and are subject to all kinds of weather.
Additionally, even a modest-sized building must satisfy many performance criteria and legal constraints, requires an immense variety of materials, and involves a large network of design and production firms. It is further complicated by the fact that no two buildings are
truly
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For a large project, however, where the owner may be an institution (such as a corporation, school board, hospital, church, or governmental entity), developing the program may be a complex exercise. This may be due to the size and complexity of the project or the need to involve several individuals—a corporation’s board of directors for example—in decision making. These constituencies may have different views of the project, making it difficult to create a consensus.
The program development may also be complicated by situations in which the owner has a fuzzy idea of the project and is unable to define it clearly. On the other hand, experienced owners tend to have a clear understanding of the project and generally provide a detailed, unambiguous program to the architect.
It is not unusual for the owner to involve the architect and a few other consultants of the design team in preparing the program. In this instance, the design team may be hired during the predesign phase. When the economic considerations of the project are paramount, the owner may also