Building Materials : Concrete Building Material

2065 WordsDec 18, 20149 Pages
Concrete is known for being an enticing building material because of its economic availability. While steel and wood can be expensive, reinforced concrete has consistently proven to be cheaper and efficient. When forms go beyond rigid structure, reinforced concrete provides the next level of opportunities blurring the line between structure and architecture. This gray zone is where the capabilities of structural art falls. Within reinforced concrete building, pre-fabricated systems link the desire to economically create sculptural design that continues a relationship with classical architecture. Reinforced concrete holds the potential to bridge the expressiveness of design with the functionality of monumentality. Today, thin shell…show more content…
While his first all-concrete building was only a small theater in Naples, Italy in 1927, it received plenty of attention from critics and the public alike. Many saw the building collapsing due to lack of proper support. Despite these original pessimistic opinions, the cinema has made it through years of weathering and the shelling during World War II. It wasn 't until a year later he was commissioned for his first major project. The Italian royal Air Force contracted the structural engineer/architect to build a set of six airplane hangars. The program called for a series of ribbed vaults with a geodetic structure to house military equipment. Nervi’s solution called for a number of overlapping arches that spanned the length of 50 meters. The results were impeccable. An entire hangar could stretch the length of 330 feet by 130 feet with no supporting pillars. Nervi had devised an experiment that mirrored the initial schemes for the Ciampino Airport in Rome, and tested the overlapping arches strategy. By fully researching the building method through drawings and scale models, he was able to efficiently approach construction of the structures. This included pre casting a majority of the forms on site which cut back on material waste. The building yard had become a prefabrication work area for the lightweight joints of the ribs so the limited resources could be given to the load bearing bases. By
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