Bullying And Its Effect On Schools

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While bullying has occurred for many years, anti- bullying programs in schools are having a strict development. Bullying was not an important subject that was paid much attention in schools or classrooms before 1999. When the Columbine and Virginia Tech shooting happened, schools did not have any anti-bullying programs. In 1999, schools started to implement anti-bullying programs like The Espelage Lab and Collaborator and many others. Unfortunately, bullying is still happening in nowadays. Bullying tragedies are in nowadays active. One big example is the bullying tragic ending: Angel Green hanged herself in a tree outside of her school so her bullies could see her every morning (Goad, 2015). This and many other tragedies have…show more content…
All these interactive activities are also known as Universal actions. As for results, the Kiva program has demonstrated reductions in bullying and victimization, while it promoted students’ empathy toward victimized peers and self-efficacy to help them. The Kiva program has shown increases in school liking and social motivation ( Salmivalli et al, 2013).
Emphasis on the Teacher
Teachers’ Roles Teachers can be seen as authority figures, and can stand up for behavioral norms in classrooms (Veenstra, Lindenberg, Tinga, & Ormell, 2010). When teachers are more involved in preventing bullying and help to create a positive environment, students can feel confident to talk to the teacher if there is a bullying problem (Veentra et al, 2014). Positive relationships between students and teachers can help strengthen anti-bullying norms (Veentra et al, 2014). Programs to support teachers’ efficacy and attitudes are very important to help bullying victims in a classroom. Bullying incidents mostly take place on the playground, hallways, lunchroom, and other place where teachers are not around (Veenstra et al, 2014). Unfortunately, teachers are not able to support anti-bullying norms while they are not around (Atlas, & Pepler, 1998). But still victims feel teachers are not able to protect them, when teachers are around (Novick & Isaacs, 2010).

Approaches highlighting teachers
One study shows the importance of both teachers’ perceived efficacy and their
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