Bullying And Its Effects On Children 's Health

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Bullying in children and adolescence is becoming an ever increasing issue as it is prevalent in various forms including physical, verbal, relational, and cyber space (Wang et al., 2011). Bullying can be defined as a subtype of aggression that involves repeated exposure to negative actions with the intent to cause harm or discomfort and an imbalance of power between the bully and victim (Hong, Kral, & Sterzing, 2014). Youth who are being bullied have been found to have significant risk of developing depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation and attempts, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (Yen et al., 2014). Studies have shown that depression is associated with exposure to bullying, so it is crucial that health care professionals…show more content…
It wasn’t until last week when the news reported a 12-year-old brought an unloaded handgun to school because he was being bullied, that I realized how important the education I will be providing to these students really is. However, I think it’s important I am familiar with what happens psychologically in regards to the development of depression in bullies or victim’s. This paper will discuss the research findings of bullying and the development of depression in children and adolescence along with the impact of being a bully, a victim, or a bully victim. Discussion of the Research Findings Depression is an associated mental health outcome of bullying victimization. Victims, bullies, and bully victims are at heightened risk for depressive symptoms (Hong, Kral, & Sterzing, 2014). Data from the 2007 National Survey of Children’s Health found that for children 6 to 17 years of age 63,997 children had reported data for both parental reported mental health and bullying status (Benedict, Viver, & Gjelsvik, 2014). Additionally, in 2007 15.2% of U.S. children ages 6 to 7 years were identified as bullies by their parents or guardians (Benedict, Viver, & Gjelsvik, 2014). The prevalence is continuing to increase, as a survey in 2011 found that 20% of high school students reported being bullied in the past 12 months on school property (CDC, 2012). Overall, children with mental health disorders had risk factors including: being an older male, having
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