Bullying Is A Common Childhood Experience

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Bullying is a common childhood experience that affects children at all income levels and racial/ethnic groups worldwide, including Trinidad and Tobago. A report showed that about one-third of middle school children worldwide (roughly ages 13 to 15 years) reported having been the victim of a bully in the past month (Abdirahman, Bah, Shrestha, & Jacobsen, 2012). Although, there are no current statistics to indicate the prevalence of bullying in schools today in Trinidad and Tobago, a 2007 study, among 32 primary and secondary schools found that 26.6 per cent of males reported being bullied while more than seven per cent of females said they were victims of physical bullying (Castillo, 2011). What is Bullying? According to Stopbullying (2014), “bullying is unwanted, repeated aggressive behavior, among school-aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance.” (p.1). Bullying includes actions such as making threats, harassment, spreading rumors, teasing, name-calling, attacking someone physically or verbally and excluding someone from a group on purpose (Bullying definition.2014). Bullying consists of three basic types of abuse - emotional, verbal and physical (Bullying definition.2014). Physical abuse includes fighting, whereas, emotional abuse includes name-calling and verbal abuse includes purposeful humiliation of others (Bullying definition.2014). Besides, the conventional forms of bullying as previously

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