Bureaucracy And Its Effect On Society

2006 Words9 Pages
Introduction For many years, organizations have been structures as bureaucracy. The term bureaucracy refers to a system of an organization that incorporates order, the utilization of hierarchical authority, and logic to conduct its business. Bureaucracy systems are meant to be fair, orderly and effective. The main features are formal procedures and rules, comprehensive division of labor, authority hierarchy, and promotion of employees and managers is based on competency. Currently, many people have a negative perception of bureaucracy because it is rigid and responds slowly to environmental changes and that it relies heavily on rules and procedures. However, in reality, bureaucracy has been found to be beneficial to organizations…show more content…
The aim of bureaucracy is to standardize all activities within the organization and ensure that control passes from up to the bottom. As such, owners are allowed to control the organization in a more efficient and indirect way thus mitigating the risk of self-conflict and loss of control of the organization affairs. The bureaucratic system came up with the common functions of management and these are controlling, organizing, planning, commanding and coordination (King & Lawley, 2013). Weberian Model: Weber was a great theorist of bureaucracy and played a key role in the formulation of substantive and formal rationality. Max Weber displayed a number of characteristics based on the bureaucratic system. One of them is hierarchy, which entails developing a live chain of command such that every individual in the organization has a boss. In this case, power flows from the top to the bottom and there is an overall head who supervises the entire bureaucratic system. Specialization entails concentrating in one area and promotes efficiency. Division of labor entails breaking down tasks and assigning people to work on different tasks. Standard operating procedure is defined as formalized rules and is a major characteristic of Weber theory. Currently, almost everyone adheres to formalized rules to increase predictability and enhance efficiency
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