Bureaucracy And Its Effect On Society

2006 Words Sep 1st, 2014 9 Pages
Introduction
For many years, organizations have been structures as bureaucracy. The term bureaucracy refers to a system of an organization that incorporates order, the utilization of hierarchical authority, and logic to conduct its business. Bureaucracy systems are meant to be fair, orderly and effective. The main features are formal procedures and rules, comprehensive division of labor, authority hierarchy, and promotion of employees and managers is based on competency. Currently, many people have a negative perception of bureaucracy because it is rigid and responds slowly to environmental changes and that it relies heavily on rules and procedures. However, in reality, bureaucracy has been found to be beneficial to organizations especially large ones (Clegg et al, 2011).
History of Bureaucracy
The term bureaucracy is obtained from the word bureau that was used from the beginning of the 18th century in western unit to resent a workplace or office or desk in which the officials were working from. The term was firstly applied in the first of July in 1764, just before the French revolution by Friedrich Melchior. However, theories and words relating to French revolution were in existence even before the formal use. For instance, the Chinese Song dynasty (960-1279 developed a centralized bureaucracy that was made up of civilian scholar officials. As such, the system resulted in concentrating political powers to the emperor and palace bureaucracy (Buchanan & Huczynski, 2010).…
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