Essay Burrhus Frederic Skinner

1132 Words 5 Pages
Burrhus Frederic Skinner

People do on a day to day basis, many actions without realizing it, and most of the time, they don’t know why they do them. Certain reinforcements, some positive, and some negative have conditioned their actions and thoughts. All organisms, including humans, are greatly influenced by the consequences produced by their own behavior. The environment holds the key to most of the changes that occur in the way a person behaves and a human’s own behavior brings consequences that change his or her actions (B. F. Skinner). Dr. B.F. Skinner forged the theory of Behaviorism, “a school of psychology that rejects the unobservable and focuses on patterns of responses to external rewards and stimuli” (Skinner, B. F.).
…show more content…
F. Skinner).
He got his masters in psychology in 1930 and his doctorate in 1931, and stayed there to do research until 1936. In 1945, Skinner became the chairman of the psychology department at Indiana University, and in 1948 he was invited to come back to Harvard to teach, which is where he spent the rest of his life.
B. F. never became the award winning novelist he originally dreamed of, but he does write a large amount of papers and books on behaviorism. He will be most remembered for Walden II, a book about a utopian society that is run on Skinner’s own operant principles. “He worked in the lab of an experimental biologist, and developed behavioral studies of rats. He loved building Rube Goldberg contraptions as a kid; he put that skill to use by designing boxes to automatically reward behavior, such as depressing a lever, pushing a button, and so on. His devices were such an improvement on the existing equipment, they've come to be known as Skinner boxes” (A Science Odyssey).
B. F. Skinner’s entire system is based on operant conditioning. “The organism is in the process of ‘operating’ on the environment, which in
Open Document