Business Analysis : Perfect Competition

1466 Words Oct 6th, 2015 6 Pages
You have been hired as a consultant by your local mayor to look at the various market structures. Your role is to provide analysis and answers to these important questions that will help the mayor understand the structures of many of the businesses in his city:
Describe each market structure discussed in the course (perfect competition, monopolistic competition, oligopoly, and monopoly) and discuss two of the market characteristics of each market structure.
Perfect competition describes a marketplace that no one participant can set the market price of an exchangeable product. This is generally considered an ideal, rarely found in markets today. There are some approximations, such as online auctions, such as eBay. Such firms’ demand curves are perfectly elastic. These markets are theorized to have an unlimited number of buyers and sellers. There are likewise no barriers to entry or exit.
Monopolistic competition describes a marketplace offering differentiated products, and as such are not perfect substitutes. This is found in restaurants, shoes and other preference-driven goods. Such firms find a high elasticity of demand (in the long run), likely excess profits in the short term, and price setting available to them (as there are no perfect substitutes for their products; competitor prices are ignored).
Oligopoly refers to an industry dominated by a small number of sellers with market power. They have the ability to limit or discount competition, and artificially earn excess…

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