Business Entity Concept

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Business entity concept This concept assumes that, for accounting purposes, the business enterprise and its owners are two separate independent entities. Thus, the business and personal transactions of its owner are separate. For example, when the owner invests money in the business, it is recorded as liability of the business to the owner. Similarly, when the owner takes away from the business cash/goods for his/her personal use, it is not treated as business expense. Thus, the accounting records are made in the books of accounts from the point of view of the business unit and not the person owning the business. This concept is the very basis of accounting. Let us take an example. Suppose Mr. Sahoo started business investing Rs100000. He…show more content…
These parts are known as Accounting Period. It may be of one year, six months, three months, one month, etc. But usually one year is taken as one accounting period which may be a calendar year or a financial year. Accounting cost concept Accounting cost concept states that all assets are recorded in the books of accounts at their purchase price, which includes cost of acquisition, transportation and installation and not at its market price. It means that fixed assets like building, plant and machinery, furniture, etc are recorded in the books of accounts at a price paid for them. For example, a machine was purchased by XYZ Limited for Rs.500000, for manufacturing shoes. An amount of Rs.1, 000 was spent on transporting the machine to the factory site. In addition, Rs.2000 was spent on its installation. The total amount at which the machine will be recorded in the books of accounts would be the sum of all these items i.e. Rs.503000. This cost is also known as historical cost. Suppose the market price of the same is now Rs 90000 it will not be shown at this value. Further, it may be clarified that cost means original or acquisition cost only for new assets and for the used ones, cost means original cost less depreciation. The cost concept is also known as historical cost concept. The effect of cost concept is that if the business entity does not pay anything for acquiring an asset this item would not appear in the
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