Business Environment of Pre-British India

13645 Words Aug 24th, 2010 55 Pages
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT OF PRE-BRITISH INDIA

PROJECT BY: BHAVANA BHATIA-7 REUBEN DANTES-9 CRYSTAL D’SOUZA-11 ALISHA PEREIRA-38 TANUSHREE SHARMA-47 GAURAV TALERA-52

Executive Summary
It is the past which shapes what we become in the present. Most of what we do and follow today has been decided in the past which is why we have to understand who we were to become who we have to be. India is one of the few civilizations which has been in existence for more than 5000 years. India is a homogenous culture and it has such strong roots that we have been able to absorb any outside intervention with ease. Be it the Muslim Kings or the Mughals, we have integrated everyone into our culture. “Everybody looks different and dresses differently.
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Their food mainly consisted of fruits, nuts and the flesh of wild beasts. (Technological) They knew neither the use of metals nor the art of cultivation. They never constructed homes, but lived in natural caverns. They used sharp edged tools mainly of quartzite stone. Axes, arrow-heads, spears, digging tools, circular stones, hurling choppers, knives, scrapers, hammer stones, were used. There is evidence of the use of fire at the Kurnul caves.

Mesolithic Man / Middle Stone Age The Mesolithic man was a hunter, who lived on the wild fruits and vegetables of the forests. He started to use chalcedony and other silicate varities such as jasper, chert and bloodstone instead of quartzite. His stone implements were extremely small and known as microliths.

Neolithic Man / New Stone Age Neolithic man (Social) made granite rocks his abode. He ate fruits, vegetables, roots, nuts, wild pulses, cereals, flesh of animals, fish, milk produce (curd, butter, ghee) and used barks and skins to cover his body. He worshipped ancestral spirits, burnt the dead and performed human and animal sacrifices. (Technology) He learnt the art of fishing and agriculture; and domesticated animals. As time passed, clothes of cotton and wool evolved. During this period, man learnt the art of dyeing. Archaeologists have found a rich collection of pottery from the Malabar which includes bowls, flower-pots, lotahs, chatties. Different colors of clay were used. These were fired to different degrees

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