Business Ethics

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The Three Ethical Principles: Individual Rights, Utilitarianism and Distributive Justice Timothy Sexton Timothy Sexton, Yahoo Contributor Network Jul 25, 2008 "Share your voice on Yahoo websites. Start Here." MORE:Individual RightsUtilitarianism FlagPost a comment Ethics is an enormous field of philosophic study, but basically it all boils down to three general principles that can then branch off into various sub-groupings and variations on the basic theme. Ethical conduct in society, therefore, essentially comes down to three distinct values that take into consideration the rights of the individual, the rights of the masses, and the concept of distributive justice. Individual Rights. This principle of ethics relies upon the…show more content…
Bush seeks to enforce upon the rest of despite the fact that he has consistently sought individual rights for himself not seen since the age of absolute monarchy. In certain cases, this ethical consideration is to be prized highly, such as the agreement that murder is wrong despite the fact that nearly everyone at one point or another had the desire to kill someone. In far too many cases, however, utilitarianism has been exploited by those in power to control the masses. The most obvious case in recent history has been the sacrifice of certain civil rights and liberties because the government has managed to dupe people into thinking that doing so will give the masses more security. Distributive Justice. The ethical concept of distributive justice is probably the most difficult to understand as well as the most controversial of all ethical principles. Distributive justice is also the ethical dimension most likely to be unfairly exploited since it is based upon a concept of inequality. Distributive justice can be essentially boiled down to the idea that inequality may be considered a more thorough means to a utilitarian justice. A fair example of this would be the fact that those who have the riskiest jobs are paid more than those who do not. The risk is greater so therefore inequality of recompense is perfectly acceptable. The problem occurs when the inequality is less obvious. For instance, distributive justice is also used to justify the extraordinary gap

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