This essay will ‘compare and contrast’ two approaches made in investigating the ‘bystander effect’. It will discuss in some depth as to what exactly is meant by the bystander effect, illustrating when this concept was first shown and why. An outline will be made of the different methods used, those being experiments and discourse analysis, explaining each one in turn, within the framework of two cases. The first being the murder of ‘Catherine Genovese,’ 1964.and the second ‘James Bulger’ 1993. The essay will then show examples of the differences and similarities between each method. Concluding with a summary of findings into the two approaches to investigating the Bystander Effect.
What is the “Good Samaritan rule and when does it apply. A “Good Samaritan is an individual who usually goes out of their way to help someone or somebody in a time of need. This can be carried out in the time of an emergency on a voluntary basis. Under this rule a person is not legally obligated to render aid to someone unless they are in unconscious state and cannot respond.
If you saw someone being attacked on the street, would you help? Many of us would quickly say yes we would help because to state the opposite would say that we are evil human beings. Much research has been done on why people choose to help and why others choose not to. The bystander effect states that the more bystanders present, the less likely it is for someone to help. Sometimes a bystander will assume that because no one else seems concerned, they shouldn't be (Senghas, 2007). Much of the research that has been done supports this definition of the bystander effect. There have also been recent situations where this
With today 's technology, it is easier than ever to record any event at the click of a button or swipe of a finger. Anyone with a smartphone or a camera has the ability to record whatever they wish, whenever. The power to record someone, whether or not they have the knowledge that they are being filmed, holds them accountable for their actions. At least, that was the reason police arrested Vancouver citizens who were recorded vandalizing city property by fellow citizens during the 2011 Vancouver Riots. There is much debate on whether or not individuals should turn in others to the police because they have video/photographic evidence. To some, this is not a question at all. After all, if an individual is causing public disturbance, shouldn’t they be held responsible and be punished by the law? In Navneet Alang’s article, "Big Brother, C’est Moi: Vancouver’s Post-Riot Web Vigilantes Can Be Tamed," the author cautions against this sort of belief, and suggest that a sort of “civic code,” or laws should come into existence to regulate who and/or what is brought to the law (Alang, 246). The power to use technology to involve the law in such scenarios as the Vancouver Riots raises issues such as that of anonymity, power, and what this could mean as technology continues to advance further.
Shakespeare’s play Macbeth is known for its plot twists and ambiguous words. Throughout the play Macbeth believed the witches prophecy that he would become king. Macbeth obsessed over the idea of becoming king. He began to manipulate his friends and family, and ultimately he killed himself and everyone he loved. The witches were able to influence Macbeth into believing the prophecy was true by giving him a piece of truthful information surrounded by unknowing lies. The prophecy in itself was a paradox. Much like the American paradox of women’s equality. Growing up, American women are taught that America is unlike any other nation in its equality among genders, races, and religions. Many women graduate high school and college and venture in to the work force. However, many will be shocked when they discover the different challenges they are going to face due to their gender. What’s the reason for this inequality and injustice? The fight for women’s equality is not a new battle to be fought, in actuality it has been a continuous fight in American society and politics that can be traced back before the Civil War. In today’s America, women still face pay inequality, unequal promotion opportunities, and discrimination in the work force.
The Stand your Ground Law has recently been debated to be a just or unjust law of retaliation. The stand your ground law permits individuals to use deadly weapons when they feel threatened or can be harmed. That means if one feels that they are in fear of losing their life they have every right to defend themselves by any means necessary. This law does not state that if someone is not in the way of facing physical harm or losing their life that they have a right to kill someone else.
On 11/28/2017, I, Officer Marisa Rhodeman #165 was working as a Police Officer in FTO Training along with WSU Officer Dillon Dickerson #155, for the Wichita State University Police Department (WSUPD), Wichita, Sedgwick County Kansas.
There is also the other side of accountability. The use of body-worn cameras on police officers will enforce accountability for civilians as well. Being on camera, citizens will be motivated to behave more cooperatively, since any wrongdoing they commit will be instantaneously recorded. When “socially and morally unacceptable acts are less likely to occur” (Ariel et al., “The Effect…” 511). This is evident in studies that have been conducted.
Do you think that bystanders are innocent? Or do you think they are guilty? In the text “Killers of the Dream” by Smith she talks about how Southerners her age feel guilty for watching people get hurt. In the text “The Lottery” by Jackson when the lottery comes everyone gets nervous they will get picked or one of their family members will get killed by them and others. Bystanders are not innocent because they are watching and not helping.
For example at the 9/11 attack there was bystanders those in need and got them out of the way of the building and debris that was falling from the buildings. Another example would be the Las Vegas shooting that had recently happened, there was a lot of bystanders who were moving people to safety and out of the shooters way so they won't get hit. People are even bystanders on social media; just by seeing somebody being bullied on the media is being a bystander. Some more examples are the Sandy Hook shooting when the teacher hide all her students in the bathroom to keep the shooter from killing them, but eventually the shooter had found them. There are many examples. For example one of the most famous case occurred in 1964 with a rape and murder of Kitty Genovese. While a man attacked, raped, and killed this young women, over 38 men and women witnessed the assault and did nothing but be a
Milton Manufacturing Company is a closely-held company has been in business since 1999 when its President Irv Milton first opened the business with its primary operations in Long Island City, New York and factory branches and warehouses in surrounding areas. The business had increased revenue over its first ten years of business from $500,000 in its first year to $5 million in 2008.
Slater questions “How does an ordinary person stand by while a young woman is raped and murdered in a crime that stretched out over half an hour? It would have been so easy to seek help, so easy to merely pick up the phone and call in” (Slater,98). In other words, Slater is questioning why did these people just stand by and do nothing while she was being tortured? Getting help was so easy and still they did nothing, help was just as easy as a phone call away. In my opinion I think that all 38 people have no moral responsibilities and they need to take some kind of responsibility for their actions or no
Journalist Martin Gansberg authors the article “Thirty-Eight Who Saw Murder Didn't Call the Police” reconstructs the murder of Ms. Catherine, a.k.a. Kitty, Genovese. All thirty-eight witnesses refrained from calling the police to aid the dying woman. Gansberg exposes the ugly truth about what results when a group of people or a society becomes apathetic and self-preserving. Society is selfish that watching others to be harmed and or killed is not significant enough to speak against or alert someone else to injustices.
One thing that I believe is faulty is victim blaming in cases of sexual assault. Now, I understand that everyone looks at things a different way but to me sexual assault is never the victims fault in any way. I say this because yes, a person may be wearing “provocative” clothes or talking in a way that may be perceived as flirtatious, but when it comes down to it, if the victim tells the assailant to stop and they don’t, the assailant is at fault. This can also be applied to assault victims that are in a situation they cannot control. An example of such situation could be, if the victim is driving at night and their car breaks down in a bad part of town and they get robbed, it’s not really their fault that they ended up where they