Cesarean section (C/S) births can occur in the hospital for several reasons. Some women choose to have elective C/S birth and others require C/S births out of infant or maternal safety, complications, or by necessity. This paper discusses both elective and emergency C/S deliveries and reviews both National Guideline policy and Carilion Clinic policies on C/S births. The problem statement is: in pregnant women (population), does C/S delivery following National or Carilion policies (IV: exposure vs. none-exposure) differ in terms of patient care and outcomes concerning maternal and neonatal health (DV)?
Vaginal birth is not a easy trip for a baby. These days the death rate in U.S. for full-term babies is 2 in 1000. According to some experts a C-section during the week the woman is due would save lives.
A cesarean section, also known as a C-Section, is an alternative to natural birth for a woman that is in labor. Although some people believe there is only one way for a woman to have a baby, some emergencies might be present and the mother-to-be can not have the baby vaginally. Also, some doctors would rather have a woman with herpes to undergo a C-Section rather than to have the baby naturally so the baby will not be born with the disease all over its body. C- Sections are a medical procedure that could save lives and prevent diseases.
Birth by cesarean gives several challenges for a baby. If we Compare vaginally born babies with babies born by cesarean, the latter are at risk for health complications they are less likely to face with a normal birth. Breathing problems are more likely if baby is premature and was born by caesarean. They may also happen if baby was born by a caesarean before your labour started, particularly before 39 weeks of pregnancy. With a scheduled cesarean, babies are more likely to be born preterm, before the lungs have fully developed. Respiratory complications can be serious enough to get admitted to nursery.
Caesarean delivery is the method by which a baby is born through an incision in the abdominal wall and uterus. Statistics show that 166,081 caesarean deliveries were carried out within NHS hospitals in England during 2013/2014, of which 50% were elective. This represents a 2.5% rise over the previous year, continuing the trend of increasing elective caesarean rates (Health & Social Care Information Centre, 2015). Indications for a caesarean section (CS) can include foetal distress, previous CS, breech presentation, abnormal progress during labour, etc. (Vacca, 2013).
In today’s era, new moms to be have developed different opinions about birthing techniques. Some strongly demand for a vaginal delivery, some wish to opt for C-sec just to avoid labor pains and many more. All these opinions are based on several myths and facts associated with delivery patterns. Doctors guide the patients the correct delivery pattern based on several factors most important being the maternal and fetal health. Following are some myths associated with caesarian section and their reality:
Cesarean section steals away the joy of natural birth, evidence shows that natural birth is part of femininity (Phillips E; McGrath P; Vaughan G, 2010) and every woman should strive to experience it. Cesarean section also has a negative effect on breastfeeding. Whatever happens to the mother affects the baby therefore, a sedated baby will not be strong enough to latch on the mother’s nipple. Evidence also shows that there is a decrease level of exclusive breast feeding in elective surgery compared with virginal birth. (Zanardo, 2010).
For a woman’s next birth after caesarean, she is faced with the choice between having a repeat elective caesarean section or a vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC). If a woman fits the criteria for a VBAC, she should always be offered a VBAC before being booked for a repeat elective caesarean section. This is supported by discussing the benefits and risks of having a VBAC, the risks of a caesarean section, views of healthcare professionals, the impact on subsequent births and women’s beliefs on both VBAC and repeat elective caesarean section.
Also, you may have problems delivering your babies. There is a higher probability of undergoing a cesarean section, which is when the babies are delivered through a surgical opening in your belly, also known as a
A majority of mothers prepare for their pregnancies with full intention of a vaginal birth at the end of their third trimester. However, there is a possibility that medical conditions could arise, such as a baby who is positioned incorrectly, preeclampsia, or toxemia. Therefore, a cesarean delivery is the safest way. Most believe that subsequent pregnancies require subsequent C-sections. Today, many mothers are opting for VBACs aka vaginal birth after C-sections.
A cesarean section, often referred to as c-section or section, is a surgical birth. This is not a vaginal birth, incisions are made through the mother’s abdomen as well as uterus in which the fetus is removed through (Berger, pg. 64, 2014). C-sections are not all necessary, some women have them unnecessarily. Although this procedure is usually safe for both the mother and child, it has advantages and disadvantages. Some affect the child more than others. For example, for hospitals they are easier to schedule, more expensive, as well as faster than vingal birth (Berger, pg. 64, 2014). Yet, there is a direct relationship and positive correlation between c-sections and reduced breast-feeding. Therefore, non-surprisingly so, c-sections are controversial.
Babies can enter this world in one of two ways: Pregnant women can have either a vaginal birth or a surgical delivery by Caesarean section, but the ultimate goal is to safely give birth to a healthy baby. Vaginal or natural births are the most common method with 73% of births in Australia happening in this way (Malek A, 2013). Caesarean surgery is the delivery of a baby through a surgical incision in the abdomen and uterus, and a natural birth is where the baby comes out through the vagina. Caesarean births can be elective (planned) or can be a case of emergency. In your 9 months of pregnancy you will be examined many times to ensure that you and your baby are on a healthy path. In this time you may see some complications and your doctor may advise you to have a caesarean birth. If you are having twins or your baby is larger than average it is recommended that a caesarean section is done, this is because the pelvis is to small for the baby to pass through and the baby would stop moving down the birth canal in labor. Other conditions that may cause you to have a Caesarean is existing medical conditions
Elective caesarean birth is defined as caesarean birth upon maternal request without medical or obstetric indication that it is necessary (Lowdermilk, Perry, Cashion, & Alden, 2012). Caesarean birth should not be an option on maternal request as there are many potential risks and implications for both the mother and her baby associated with this procedure. Easter (2015) states “caesarean sections on maternal request can do more harm than good and should not be available ‘on demand’” (p.359). The purpose of this paper is to discuss the overall issue of elective caesarean sections using research and evidence from literature. This paper will thoroughly discuss reasons why pregnant women